The Holy Qu’ran
English translation by Maulana Muhammad Ali
first published in 1917, the following comes from the 1920 printing
3. The Family of Amran (Al-Imran)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
1 I, Allah, am the best Knower,
2 Allah, (there is) no god but He, the Ever-living, the Self-subsisting, by Whom all subsist.
He has revealed to thee the Book with truth, verifying that which is
before it, and He revealed the Torah and the Gospel aforetime, a
guidance for the people, and He sent the Discrimination. Those who
disbelieve in the messages of Allah for them is a severe chastisement.
And Allah is Mighty, the Lord of retribution.
4 Surely nothing in the earth or in the heaven is hidden from Allah.
5 He it is Who shapes you in the wombs as He pleases. There is no god but He, the Mighty, the Wise.
He it is Who has revealed the Book to thee; some of its verses are
decisive — they are the basis of the Book — and others are
allegorical. Then those in whose hearts is perversity follow the part of
it which is allegorical, seeking to mislead, and seeking to give it
(their own) interpretation. And none knows its interpretation save
Allah, and those firmly rooted in knowledge. They say We believe in it,
it is all from our Lord. And none mind except men of understanding.
Our Lord, make not our hearts to deviate after Thou hast guided us and
grant us mercy from Thee; surely Thou art the most liberal Giver.
Our Lord, surely Thou art the Gatherer of men on a day about which there
is no doubt. Surely Allah will not fail in (His) promise.
* * *
Those who disbelieve, neither their wealth nor their children will avail
them aught against Allah. And they will be fuel for fire —
As was the case of the people of Pharaoh, and those before them They
rejected Our messages, so Allah destroyed them on account of their sins.
And Allah is Severe in requiting (evil).
11 Say to those who disbelieve You shall be vanquished, and driven together to hell; and evil is the resting-place.
Indeed there was a sign for you in the two hosts (which) met together
in encounter — one party fighting in the way of Allah and the other
disbelieving, whom they saw twice as many as themselves with the sight
of the eye. And Allah strengthens with His aid whom He pleases. There is
a lesson in this for those who have eyes.
Fair-seeming to men is made the love of desires, of women and sons and
hoarded treasures of gold and silver and well-bred horses and cattle and
tilth (fields). This is the provision of the life of this world. And
Allah — with Him is the good goal (of life).
Say: Shall I tell you of what is better than these? For those who guard
against evil are Gardens with their Lord, in which rivers flow, to
abide in them, and pure companions and Allah’s goodly pleasure. And
Allah is Seer of the servants.
15 Those who say: Our Lord, we believe, so forgive our sins and save us from the chastisement of the fire.
16 The patient and the truthful, and the obedient, and those who spend and those who ask Divine protection in the morning times.
Allah bears witness that there is no god but He, and (so do) the angels
and those possessed of knowledge, maintaining justice. There is no god
but He, the Mighty, the Wise.
Surely the (true) religion with Allah is Islam. And those who were
given the Book differed only after knowledge had come to them, out of
envy among themselves. And whoever disbelieves in the messages of Allah
— Allah indeed is Quick at reckoning.
But if they dispute with thee say: I submit myself entirely to Allah
and (so does) he who follows me. And say to those who have been given
the Book and the Unlearned (people) Do you submit yourselves? If they
submit, then indeed they follow the right way; and if they turn back,
thy duty is only to deliver the message. And Allah is Seer of the
* * *
Those who disbelieve in the messages of Allah and would slay the
prophets unjustly and slay those among men who enjoin justice, announce
to them a painful chastisement.
21 Those are they whose works will be of no avail in this world and the Hereafter, and they will have no helpers.
Hast thou not seen those who are given a portion of the Book? They are
invited to the Book of Allah that it may decide between them, then a
party of them turn back and they withdraw.
This is because they say: The Fire shall not touch us but for a few
days; and that which they forge deceives them regarding their religion.
Then how will it be when We gather them together on a day about which
there is no doubt. And every soul shall be fully paid what it has
earned, and they shall not be wronged?
Say O Allah, Owner of the Kingdom, Thou givest the kingdom to whom Thou
pleasest, and takest away the kingdom from whom Thou pleasest, and Thou
exaltest whom Thou pleasest and abasest whom Thou pleasest. In Thine
hand is the good. Surely, Thou art Possessor of power over all things.
Thou makest the night to pass into the day and Thou makest the day to
pass into the night; and Thou bringest forth the living from the dead
and Thou bringest forth the dead from the living; and Thou givest
sustenance to whom Thou pleasest without measure.
Let not the believers take the disbelievers for friends rather than
believers. And whoever does this has no connection with Allah — except
that you guard yourselves against them, guarding carefully. And Allah
cautions you against His retribution. And to Allah is the eventual
Say: Whether you hide what is in your hearts or manifest it, Allah
knows it. And He knows whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the
earth. And Allah is Possessor of power over all things.
On the day when every soul will find present that which it has done of
good; and that which it has done of evil — it will wish that between it
and that (evil) there were a long distance. And Allah cautions you
against His retribution. And Allah is Compassionate to the servants.
* * *
Say: If you love Allah, follow me: Allah will love you, and grant you
protection from your sins. And Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
31 Say: Obey Allah and the Messenger; but if they turn back, Allah surely loves not the disbelievers.
32 Truly Allah chose Adam and Noah and the descendants of Abraham and the descendants of Amran above the nations,
33 Offspring, one of the other. And Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
When a woman of Amran said: My Lord, I vow to Thee what is in my womb,
to be devoted (to Thy service), so accept (it) from me surely Thou, only
Thou, art the Hearing, the Knowing.
So when she brought it forth, she said: My Lord, I have brought it
forth a female — and Allah knew best what she brought forth — and the
male is not like the female, and I have named it Mary, and I commend her
and her offspring into Thy protection from the accursed devil.
So her Lord accepted her with a goodly acceptance and made her grow up a
goodly growing, and gave her into the charge of Zacharias. Whenever
Zacharias entered the sanctuary to (see) her, he found food with her. He
said: O Mary, whence comes this to thee? She said: It is from Allah.
Surely Allah gives to whom He pleases without measure.
There did Zacharias pray to his Lord. He said: My Lord, grant me from
Thee goodly offspring; surely Thou art the Hearer of prayer.
So the angels called to him as he stood praying in the sanctuary Allah
gives thee the good news of John, verifying a word from Allah, and
honourable and chaste and a prophet from among the good ones.
He said: My Lord, how can I have a son when old age has already come
upon me, and my wife is barren? He said: Even thus does Allah do what He
He said: My Lord, appoint a sign for me. Said He: Thy sign is that thou
speak not to men for three days except by signs. And remember thy Lord
much and glorify (Him) in the evening and early morning.
* * *
41 And when the angels said: O Mary, surely Allah has chosen thee and purified thee and chosen thee above the women of the world.
42 O Mary, be obedient to thy Lord and humble thyself and bow down with those who bow.
This is of the tidings of things unseen which We reveal to thee. And
thou wast not with them when they cast their pens (to decide) which of
them should have Mary in his charge, and thou wast not with them when
they contended one with another.
When the angels said: O Mary, surely Allah gives thee good news with a
word from Him (of one) whose name is the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary,
worthy of regard in this world and the Hereafter, and of those who are
drawn nigh (to Allah),
45 And he will speak to the people when in the cradle and when of old age, and (he will be) one of the good ones.
She said: My Lord, how can I have a son and man has not yet touched me?
He said: Even so; Allah creates what He pleases. When He decrees a
matter, He only says to it, Be, and it is.
47 And He will teach him the Book and the Wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel:
And (make him) a messenger to the Children of Israel (saying) I have
come to you with a sign from your Lord, that I determine for you out of
dust the form of a bird, then I breathe into it and it becomes a bird
with Allah’s permission, and I heal the blind and the leprous, and bring
the dead to life with Allah’s permission; and I inform you of what you
should eat and what you should store in your houses. Surely there is a
sign in this for you, if you are believers.
And (I am) a verifier of that which is before me of the Torah, and I
allow you part of that which was forbidden to you; and I have come to
you with a sign from your Lord, so keep your duty to Allah and obey me.
50 Surely Allah is my Lord and your Lord, so serve Him. This is the right path.
But when Jesus perceived disbelief on their part, he said Who will be
my helpers in Allah’s way? The disciples said We are Allah’s helpers: we
believe in Allah, and bear thou witness that we are submitting ones.
Our Lord, we believe in that which Thou hast revealed and we follow the
messenger, so write us down with those who bear witness.
53 And (the Jews) planned and Allah (also) planned. And Allah is the best of planners.
* * *
When Allah said: O Jesus, I will cause thee to die and exalt thee in My
presence and clear thee of those who disbelieve and make those who
follow thee above those who disbelieve to the day of Resurrection. Then
to Me is your return, so I shall decide between you concerning that
wherein you difter.
Then as to those who disbelieve, I shall chastise them with severe
chastisement in this world and the Hereafter, and they will have no
56 And as to those who believe and do good deeds, He will pay them fully their rewards. And Allah loves not the unjust.
57 This We recite to thee of the messages and the Reminder full of wisdom.
58 The likeness of Jesus with Allah is truly as the likeness of Adam. He created him from dust, then said to him, Be, and he was.
59 (This is) the truth from thy Lord, so be not of the disputers.
Whoever then disputes with thee in this matter after the knowledge that
has come to thee, say: Come Let us call our sons and your sons and our
women and your women and our people and your people, then let us be
earnest in prayer, and invoke the curse of Allah on the liars.
61 Surely this is the true account, and there is no god but Allah. And Allah He surely is the Mighty, the Wise.
62 But if they turn away, then surely Allah knows the mischief-makers.
* * *
Say: O People of the Book, come to an equitable word between us and
you, that we shall serve none but Allah and that we shall not associate
aught with Him, and that some of us shall not take others for lords
besides Allah. But if they turn away, then say: Bear witness, we are
O People of the Book, why do you dispute about Abraham, when the Torah
and the Gospel were not revealed till after him? Do you not understand?
Behold! You are they who disputed about that of which you had
knowledge; why then do you dispute about that of which you have no
knowledge? And Allah knows while you know not.
66 Abraham was not a Jew nor a Christian, but he was (an) upright (man), a Muslim; and he was not one of the polytheists.
The nearest of people to Abraham are surely those who follow him and
this Prophet and those who believe. And Allah is the Friend of the
A party of the People of the Book desire that they should lead you
astray; and they lead not astray but themselves, and they perceive not.
69 O People of the Book, why do you disbelieve in the messages of Allah while you witness (their truth)?
70 O People of the Book, why do you confound the truth with falsehood, and hide the truth while you know?
* * *
And a party of the People of the Book say: Avow belief in that which
has been revealed to those who believe, in the first part of the day,
and disbelieve in the latter part of it, perhaps they may turn back.
And believe not but in him who follows your religion. Say True guidance
— Allah’s guidance — is that one may be given the like of what you
were given; or they would prevail on you in argument before your Lord.
Say Grace is surely in Allah’s hand. He gives it to whom He pleases. And
Allah is Ample-giving, Knowing.
73 He specially chooses for His mercy whom He pleases. And Allah is the Lord of mighty grace.
And among the People of the Book there is he who, if thou entrust him
with a heap of wealth, would pay it back to thee; and among them is he
who, if thou entrust him with a dinar would not pay it back to thee,
unless thou kept on demanding it. This is because they say there is no
blame on us in the matter of the unlearned people and they forge a lie
against Allah while they know.
75 Yea, whoever fulfils his promise and keeps his duty — then Allah surely loves the dutiful.
Those who take a small price for the covenant of Allah and their own
oaths — they have no portion in the Hereafter, and Allah will not speak
to them, nor will He look upon them on the day of Resurrection, nor
will He purify them, and for them is a painful chastisement.
And there is certainly a party of them who lie about the Book that you
may consider it to be (a part) of the Book while it is not (a part) of
the Book; and they say, It is from Allah, while it is not from Allah;
and they forge a lie against Allah whilst they know.
It is not meet for a mortal that Allah should give him the Book and the
judgement and the prophethood, then he should say to men: Be my
servants besides Allah’s; but (he would say): Be worshippers of the Lord
because you teach the Book and because you study (it);
79 Nor would he enjoin you to take the angels and the prophets for lords. Would he enjoin you to disbelieve after you submit?
* * *
And when Allah made a covenant through the prophets Certainly what I
have given you of Book and Wisdom — then a Messenger comes to you
verifying that which is with you, you shall believe in him, and you
shall aid him. He said: Do you affirm and accept My compact in this
(matter)? They said We do affirm. He said Then bear witness, and I (too)
am of the bearers of witness with you.
81 Whoever then turns back after this, these are the transgressors.
Seek they then other than Allah’s religion? And to Him submits whoever
is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and to Him
they will be returned.
Say We believe in Allah and that which is revealed to us, and that
which was revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the
tribes, and that which was given to Moses and Jesus and to the prophets
from their Lord; we make no distinction between any of them, and to Him
And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will not be accepted
from him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers.
How shall Allah guide a people who disbelieved after their believing,
and (after) they had borne witness that the Messenger was true, and
clear arguments had come to them? And Allah guides not the unjust
86 As for these their reward is that on them is the curse of Allah and the angels and of men, all together —
87 Abiding therein. Their chastisement shall not be lightened, nor shall they be respited —
88 Except those who repent after that and amend, for surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
Those who disbelieve after their believing, then increase in disbelief,
their repentance is not accepted, and these are they that go astray.
Those who disbelieve and die while they are disbelievers, the earth
full of gold will not be accepted from one of them, though he should
offer it as ransom. These it is for whom is a painful chastisement, and
they shall have no helpers.
* * *
91 You cannot attain to righteousness unless you spend out of what you love. And what you spend, Allah surely knows it.
All food was lawful to the Children of Israel, before the Torah was
revealed. — except that which Israel forbade himself. Say Bring the
Torah and read it, if you are truthful.
93 So whoever forges a lie against Allah after this, these are the wrong-doers.
94 Say Allah speaks the truth; so follow the religion of Abraham, the upright one. And he was not one of the polytheists.
95 Certainly the first house appointed for men is the one at Bakkah, blessed and a guidance for the nations.
In it are clear signs: (It is) the Place of Abraham; and whoever enters
it is safe; and pilgrimage to the House is a duty which men owe to
Allah — whoever can find a way to it. And whoever disbelieves, surely
Allah is above need of the worlds.
97 Say: O People of the Book, why do you disbelieve in the messages of Allah? And Allah is a witness of what you do.
Say: O People of the Book, why do you hinder those who believe from the
way of Allah, seeking (to make) it crooked, while you are witnesses?
And Allah is not heedless of what you do.
O you who believe, if you obey a party from among those who have been
given the Book, they will turn you back as disbelievers after your
And how can you disbelieve while to you are recited the messages of
Allah, and among you is His Messenger? And whoever holds fast to Allah,
he indeed is guided to a right path.
* * *
101 O you who believe, keep your duty to Allah, as it ought to be kept, and die not unless you are Muslims.
And hold fast by the covenant of Allah all together and be not
disunited. And remember Allah’s favour to you when you were enemies,
then He united your hearts so by His favour you became brethren. And you
were on the brink of a pit of fire, then He saved you from it. Thus
Allah makes clear to you His messages that you may be guided.
And from among you there should be a party who invite to good and
enjoin the right and forbid the wrong. And these are they who are
And be not like those who became divided and disagreed after clear
arguments had come to them. And for them is a grievous chastisement.
On the day when (some) faces turn white and (some) faces turn black.
Then as to those whose faces are black: Did you disbelieve after your
belief? So taste the chastisement because you disbelieved.
106 And as to those whose faces are white, they shall be in Allah’s mercy. Therein they shall abide.
107 These are the messages of Allah which We recite to thee with truth. And Allah desires no injustice to (His) creatures.
108 And to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. And to Allah are all affairs returned.
* * *
You are the best nation raised up for men; you enjoin good and forbid
evil and you believe in Allah. And if the People of the Book had
believed, it would have been better for them. Some of them are believers
but most of them are transgressors.
They will not harm you save a slight hurt. And if they fight you, they
will turn (their) backs to you. Then they will not be helped.
Abasement will be their lot wherever they are found, except under a
covenant with Allah and a covenant with men, and they shall incur the
wrath of Allah, and humiliation will be made to cling to them. This is
because they disbelieved in the messages of Allah and killed the
prophets unjustly. This is because they disobeyed and exceeded the
They are not all alike. Of the People of the Book there is an upright
party who recite Allah’s messages in the night time and they adore
They believe in Allah and the Last Day, and they enjoin good and forbid
evil and vie one with another in good deeds. And those are among the
114 And whatever good they do, they will not be denied it, And Allah knows those who keep their duty.
Those who disbelieve, neither their wealth nor their children will
avail them aught against Allah. And these are the companions of the Fire
therein they abide.
The likeness of that which they spend in the life of this world is as
the likeness of wind in which is intense cold it smites the harvest of a
people who are unjust to themselves and destroys it. And Allah wronged
them not but they wronged themselves.
O you who believe, take not for intimate friends others than your own
people; they spare no pains to cause you loss. They love that which
distresses you: Vehement hatred has already appeared from out of their
mouths, and that which their hearts conceal is greater still. Indeed We
have made the messages clear to you if you understand.
Lo! you are they who will love them while they love you not, and you
believe in the Book, (in) the whole of it. And when they meet you they
say, We believe, and when they are alone, they bite (their) finger tips
in rage against you. Say Die in your rage. Surely Allah is Knower of
what is in the hearts.
If good befalls you, it grieves them, and if an evil afflicts you, they
rejoice at it. And if you are patient and keep your duty, their
struggle will not injure you in any way. Surely Allah encompasses what
* * *
And when thou didst go forth early in the morning from thy family, to
assign to the believers their positions for the battle. And Allah is
When two parties from among you thought of showing cowardice, and Allah
was the Guardian of them both. And in Allah should the believers trust.
122 And Allah certainly helped you at Badr when you were weak. So keep your duty to Allah that you may give thanks.
When thou didst say to the believers: Does it not suffice you that your
Lord should help you with three thousand angels sent down?
Yea, if you are steadfast and keep your duty, and they come upon you in
a headlong manner, your Lord will assist you with five thousand of
And Allah made it only as good news for you, and that your hearts might
be at ease thereby. And help comes only from Allah, the Mighty, the
126 That He may cut off a part of those who disbelieve or abase them so that they should return in failure.
127 Thou hast no concern in the matter whether He turns to them (mercifully) or chastises them; surely they are wrongdoers.
And to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the
earth. He forgives whom He pleases and chastises whom He pleases. And
Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
* * *
129 O you who believe, devour not usury, doubling and redoubling, and keep your duty to Allah, that you may he successful.
130 And guard yourselves against the fire which has been prepared for the disbelievers.
131 And obey Allah and the Messenger, that you may be shown mercy.
And hasten to forgiveness from your Lord and a Garden, as wide as the
heavens and the earth it is prepared for those who keep their duty:
Those who spend in ease as well as in adversity and those who restrain
(their) anger and pardon men. And Allah loves the doers of good (to
And those who, when they commit an indecency or wrong their souls,
remember Allah and ask forgiveness for their sins. And who forgives sins
but Allah? And they persist not knowingly in what they do.
Their reward is protection from their Lord, and Gardens wherein flow
rivers, to abide in them. And excellent is the reward of the workers!
136 Indeed there have been examples before you; so travel in the earth and see what was the end of the deniers.
137 This is a clear statement for men, and a guidance and an admonition to those who would keep their duty.
138 And be not weak-hearted, nor grieve, and you will have the upper hand if you are believers.
If a wound has afflicted you, a wound like it has also afflicted the
(disbelieving) people. And We bring these days to men by turns, that
Allah may know those who believe and take witnesses from among you. And
Allah loves not the wrongdoers,
140 And that He may purge those who believe and deprive the disbelievers of blessings.
Do you think that you will enter the Garden while Allah has nor yet
known those from among you who strive hard (nor) known the steadfast?
142 And certainly you desired death before you met it. So indeed you have seen it now while you look (at it).
* * *
And Muhammad is but a messenger — messengers have already passed away
before him. If then he dies or is killed, will you turn back upon your
heels? And he who turns back upon his heels will do no harm at all to
Allah. And Allah will reward the grateful.
And no soul can die but with Allah’s permission — the term is fixed.
And whoever desires the reward of this world, We give him of it, and
whoever desires the reward of the Hereafter, We give him of it. And We
shall reward the grateful.
And how many a prophet has fought, with whom were many worshippers of
the Lord. So they did not lose heart on account of that which befell
them in Allah’s way, nor did they weaken, nor did they abase themselves.
And Allah loves the steadfast.
And their cry was only that they said: Our Lord, grant us protection
from our sins and our extravagance in our affair, and make firm our feet
and grant us victory over the disbelieving people.
147 So Allah gave them the reward of the world and a good reward of the Hereafter. And Allah loves the doers of good (to others).
* * *
O you who believe, if you obey those who disbelieve, they will make you
turn back upon your heels, so you will turn back losers.
149 Nay, Allah is your Patron, and He is the Best of the helpers.
We will cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieve because
they set up with Allah that for which He has sent down no authority, and
their abode is the Fire. And evil is the abode of the wrong-doers.
And Allah certainly made good His promise to you when you slew them by
His permission, until you: became weak-hearted and disputed about the
affair and disobeyed after He had shown you that which you loved. Of you
were some who desired this world, and of you were some who desired the
Hereafter. Then He turned you away from them that He might try you; and
He has indeed pardoned you. And Allah is Gracious to the believers.
When you went away far, and paid no heed to anyone, and the Messenger
was calling you in your rear. So He gave you (another) grief for (your)
first grief that you might not grieve at what escaped you, nor (at) what
befell you. And Allah is Aware of what you do.
Then after grief He sent down security on you, slumber overcoming a
party of you, while (there was) another party whom their own souls had
rendered anxious they entertained about Allah thoughts of ignorance
quite unjustly. They said; Have we any hand in the affair? Say: The
affair is wholly (in the hands) of Allah. They bide within their souls
that which they would not reveal to thee. They say: Had we any hand in
the affair. we would not have been slain here. Say Had you remained in
your houses, those for whom slaughter was ordained would have gone forth
to the places where they would be slain. And (this happened) that Allah
might test what was in your breasts and that He might purge what was in
your hearts. And Allah is Knower of what is in the breasts.
Those of you who turned back on the day when the two armies met, only
the devil sought to cause them to make a slip on account of some deeds
they had done, and certainly Allah has pardoned them. Surely Allah is
* * *
O you who believe, be not like those who disbelieve and say of their
brethren when they travel in the earth or engage in fighting: Had they
been with us, they would not have died, or been slain; that Allah may
make it to be a regret in their hearts. And Allah gives life and causes
death. And Allah is Seer of what you, do.
156 And if you are slain in Allah’s way or you die, surely Allah’s protection and (His) mercy are better than what they amass.
157 And if you die or you are slain, to Allah you are gathered.
Thus it is by Allah’s mercy that thou art gentle to them. And hadst
thou been rough, hard-hearted, they would certainly have dispersed from
around thee. So pardon them and ask protection for them, and consult
them in (important) matters. But when thou hast determined, put thy
trust in Allah. Surely Allah loves those who trust (in Him).
If Allah helps you, there is none that can overcome you; and if He
forsakes you, who is there that can help you after Him? And in Allah
should the believers put their trust.
And it is not for a prophet to act dishonestly. And whoever acts
dishonestly will bring his dishonesty on the day of Resurrection. Then
shall every soul be paid back fully what it has earned, and they will
not be wronged.
Is then he who follows the pleasure of Allah like him who incurs
Allah’s displeasure, and his abode is hell? And it is an evil
162 There are grades with Allah. And Allah is Seer of what they do.
Certainly Allah conferred a favour on the believers when He raised
among them a Messenger from among themselves, reciting to them His
messages and purifying them, and teaching them the Book and the Wisdom,
although before that they were surely in manifest error.
What! When a misfortune befell you, and you had inflicted twice as
much, you say: Whence is this? Say It is from yourselves. Surely Allah
is Possessor of power over all things.
165 And that which befell you on the day when the two armies met was by Allah’s permission, that He might know the believers,
And that He might know the hypocrites. And it was said to them Come,
fight in Allah’s way, or defend yourselves. They said: If we knew
fighting, we would have followed you. They were on that day nearer to
disbelief than to belief; they say with their mouths what is not in
their hearts. And Allah best knows what they conceal.
Those who said of their brethren whilst they (themselves) held back:
Had they obeyed us, they would not have been killed. Say: Avert death
from yourselves, if you are truthful.
168 And think not of those who are killed in Allah’s way as dead. Nay, they are alive being provided sustenance from their Lord,
Rejoicing in what Allah has given them out of His grace, and they
rejoice for the sake of those who, (being left) behind them, have not
yet joined them, that they have no fear, nor shall they grieve.
170 They rejoice for Allah’s favour and (His) grace, and that Allah wastes not the reward of the believers.
* * *
Those who responded to the call of Allah and the Messenger after the
misfortune had befallen them — for such among them who do good and keep
their duty is a great reward.
Those to whom men said: Surely people have gathered against you, so
fear them; but this increased their faith, and they said: Allah is
sufficient for us and He is an excellent Guardian.
So they returned with favour from Allah and (His) grace; no evil
touched them, and they followed the pleasure of Allah. And Allah is the
Lord of mighty grace.
174 It is the devil who only frightens his friends, but fear them not, and fear Me, if you are believers.
And let not those grieve thee who run into disbelief precipitately
surely they can do no harm to Allah. Allah intends not to assign them
any portion in the Hereafter; and for them is a grievous chastisement.
176 Those who buy disbelief at the price of faith can do no harm to Allah, and for them is a painful chastisement.
And let not those who disbelieve think that our granting them respite
is good for themselves. We grant them respite only that they may add to
their sins; and for them is an humiliating chastisement.
Allah will not leave the believers in the condition in which you are
until He separates the evil from the good. Nor is Allah going to make
you acquainted with the unseen, but Allah chooses of His Messengers whom
He pleases. So believe in Allah and His Messengers. And if you believe
and keep your duty, you will have a great reward.
And let not those who are niggardly in spending that which Allah has
granted them out of His grace, think that it is good for them. Nay, it
is evil for them. They shall have a collar of their niggardliness on
their necks on the Resurrection day. And Allah’s is the heritage of the
heavens and the earth. And Allah is Aware of what you do.
* * *
Allah has certainly heard the saying of those who said: Allah is poor
and we are rich. We shall record what they say, and their killing the
prophets unjustly, and We shall say: Taste the chastisement of burning.
181 This is for that which your own hands have sent before, and because Allah is not in the least unjust to the servants.
Those who say: Allah has enjoined us that we should not believe in any
messenger until he brings us an offering which is consumed by the fire.
Say: Indeed there came to you messengers before me with clear arguments
and with that which you demand. Why then did you try to kill them, if
you are truthful?
But if they reject thee, so indeed were rejected before thee messengers
who came with clear arguments and scriptures and the illuminating Book.
Every soul will taste of death. And you will be paid your reward fully
only on the Resurrection day. Then whoever is removed far from the Fire
and is made to enter the Garden, he indeed attains the object. And the
life of this world is nothing but a provision of vanities.
You will certainly be tried in your property and your persons. And you
will certainly hear from those who have been given the Book before you
and from the idolaters much abuse.
And if you are patient and keep your duty, surely this is an affair of great resolution. 186
And when Allah took a covenant from those who were given the Book You
shall explain it to men and shall not hide it. But they cast it behind
their backs and took a small price for it. So evil is that which they
Think not that those who exult in what they have done, and love to be
praised. for what they have not done — think not them to be safe from
the chastisement; and for them is a painful chastisement.
188 And Allah’s is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. And Allah is Possessor of power over all things.
* * *
In the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the
night and the day, there are surely signs for men of understanding.
Those who remember Allah standing and sitting and (lying) on their
sides, and reflect on the creation of the heavens and the earth: Our
Lord, Thou hast not created this in vain! Glory be to Thee! Save us from
the chastisement of the Fire.
Our Lord, whomsoever Thou makest enter the Fire, him Thou indeed
bringest to disgrace. And there will be no helpers for the wrongdoers.
Our Lord, surely we have heard a Crier calling to the faith, saying
Believe in your Lord. So we do believe. Our Lord, grant us protection
from our sins and remove our evils and make us die with the righteous.
Our Lord, grant us what Thou hast promised us by Thy messengers and
disgrace us not on the day of Resurrection. Surely Thou never failest in
So their Lord accepted their prayer, (saying) I will not suffer the
work of any worker among you to be lost whether male or female, the one
of you being from the other. So those who fled and were driven forth
from their homes and persecuted in My way and who fought and were slain,
I shall truly remove their evil and make them enter Gardens wherein
flow rivers — a reward from Allah. And with Allah is the best reward.
195 Let not control in the land, of those who disbelieve, deceive thee.
196 A brief enjoyment! Then their abode is hell. And evil is the resting-place.
But those who keep their duty to their Lord, for them are Gardens
wherein flow rivers, to abide therein; an entertainment from their Lord.
And that which Allah has in store for the righteous is best.
And of the People of the Book there are those who believe in Allah and
(in) that which has been revealed to you and (in) that which has been
revealed to them, humbling themselves before Allah — they take not a
small price for the messages of Allah. These it is that have their
reward with their Lord. Surely Allah is Swift to take account
O you who believe, be steadfast and try to excel in steadfastness and
guard (the frontiers). And keep your duty to Allah that you may be
4. The Women (Al-Nisa)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
people, keep your duty to your Lord, Who created you from a single
being and created its mate of the same (kind), and spread from these two
many men and women. And keep your duty to Allah, by Whom you demand one
of another (your rights), and (to) the ties of relationship. Surely
Allah is ever a Watcher over you.
And give to the orphans their property, and substitute not worthless
(things) for (their) good (ones), and devour not their property (adding)
to your own property. This is surely a great sin.
And if you fear that you cannot do justice to orphans, marry such women
as seem good to you, two, or three, or four; but if you fear that you
will not do justice, then (marry) only one or that which your right
hands possess. This is more proper that you may not do injustice.
And give women their dowries as a free gift. But if they of themselves
be pleased to give you a portion thereof, consume it with enjoyment and
And make not over your property, which Allah has made a (means of)
support for you, to the weak of understanding, and maintain them out of
it, and clothe them and give them a good education.
And test the orphans until they reach the age of marriage. Then if you
find in them maturity of intellect, make over to them their property,
and consume it not extravagantly and hastily against their growing up.
And whoever is rich, let him abstain, and whoever is poor let him
consume reasonably. And when you make over to them their property, call
witnesses in their presence. And Allah is enough as a Reckoner.
For men is a share of what the parents and the near relatives leave, and
for women a share of what the parents and the near relatives leave,
whether it be little or much — an appointed share.
8 And when relatives and the orphans and the needy are present at the division, give them out of it and speak to them kind words.
And let those fear who, should they leave behind them weakly off-spring,
would fear on their account; so let them observe their duty to Allah
and let them speak right words.
Those who swallow the property of the orphans unjustly, they swallow
only fire into their bellies. And they will burn in blazing fire.
* * *
Allah enjoins you concerning your children: for the male is the equal
of the portion of two females but it there be more than two females,
two-thirds of what the deceased leaves is theirs; and if there be one,
for her is the half. And as for his parents, for each of them is the
sixth of what he leaves, if he has a child; but if he has no child and
(only) his two parents inherit him, for his mother is the third; but if
he has brothers, for his mother is the sixth, after (payment of) a
bequest he may have bequeathed or a debt. Your parents and your
children, you know not which of them is the nearer to you in benefit.
This is an ordinance from Allah. Allah is surely ever Knowing, Wise.
And yours is half of what your wives leave if they have no child; but
if they have a child, your share is a fourth of what they leave after
(payment of) any bequest they may have bequeathed or a debt; and theirs
is the fourth of what you leave if you have no child, but if you have a
child, their share is the eighth of what you leave after (payment of) a
bequest You may have bequeathed or a debt.
And if a man or a woman, having no children leaves property to be
inherited and he (or she) has a brother or a sister, then for each of
them is the sixth; but if they are more than that, they shall be sharers
in the third after (payment of) a bequest that may have been bequeathed
or a debt not injuring (others). This is an ordinance from Allah and
Allah is Knowing, Forbearing. These are Allah’s limits. And whoever
obeys Allah and His Messenger, He will admit him to Gardens wherein flow
rivers, to abide in them. And this is the great achievement.
And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger and goes beyond His
limits, He will make him enter fire to abide in it, and for him is an
* * *
And as for those of your women who are guilty of an indecency, call to
witness against them four (witnesses) from among you; so if they bear
witness, confine them to the houses until death takes them away or Allah
opens a way for them.
And as for the two of you who are guilty of it, give them both a slight
punishment; then if they repent and amend, turn aside from them. Surely
Allah is ever Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful.
Repentance with Allah is only for those who do evil in ignorance, then
turn (to Allah) soon, so these it is to whom Allah turns (mercifully).
And Allah is ever Knowing, Wise.
And repentance is not for those who go on doing evil deeds, until when
death comes to one of them, he says Now I repent; nor (for) those who
die while they are disbelievers. For such We have prepared a painful
O you who believe, it is not lawful for you to take women as heritage
against (their) will. Nor should you straiten them by taking part of
what you have given them, unless they are guilty of manifest indecency.
And treat them kindly. Then if you hate them, it may be that you dislike
a thing while Allah has placed abundant good in it.
And if you wish to have (one) wife in the place of another and you have
given one of them a heap of gold, take nothing from it. Would you take
it by slandering (her) and (doing her) manifest wrong?
21 And how can you take it when one of you has already gone in to the other and they have taken from you a strong covenant?
And marry not women whom your fathers married, except what has already
passed. This surely is indecent and hateful; and it is an evil way.
* * *
Forbidden to you are your mothers, and your daughters, and your
sisters, and your paternal aunts, and your maternal aunts, and brother’s
daughters and sister’s daughters, and your mothers that have suckled
you, and your foster-sisters, and mothers of your wives, and your
stepdaughters who are in your guardianship (born) of your wives to whom
you have gone in — but if you have not gone in to them, there is no
blame on you — and the wives of your sons who are of your own loins;
and that you should have two sisters together, except what has already
passed. Surely Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful,
And all married women except those whom your right hands possess (are
forbidden); (this is) Allah’s ordinance to you. And lawful for you are
(all women) besides those, provided that you seek (them) with your
property, taking (them) in marriage, not committing fornication. Then as
to those whom you profit by (by marrying), give them their dowries as
appointed. And there is no blame on you about what you mutually agree
after what is appointed (of dowry). Surely Allah is ever Knowing, Wise.
And whoever among you cannot afford to marry free believing women, (let
him marry) such of your believing maidens as your right hands possess.
And Allah knows best your faith — you are (sprung) the one from the
other. So marry them with the permission of their masters, and give them
their dowries justly, they being chaste, not fornicating, nor receiving
paramours; then if they are guilty of adultery when they are taken in
marriage, they shall suffer half the punishment for free married women.
This is for him among you who fears falling into evil. And that you
abstain is better for you. And Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
* * *
Allah desires to explain to you, and to guide you into the ways of
those before you, and to turn to you (mercifully). And Allah is Knowing,
And Allah desires to turn to you (mercifully). And those who follow
(their) lusts desire that you should deviate (with) a great deviation.
28 Allah desires to make light your burdens, and man is created weak.
O you who believe, devour not your property among yourselves by illegal
methods except that it be trading by your mutual consent. And kill not
your people. Surely Allah is ever Merciful to you.
30 And whoso does this aggressively and unjustly, We shall soon cast him into fire. And this is ever easy for Allah.
If you shun the great things which you are forbidden, We shall do away
with your evil (inclinations) and cause you to enter an honourable place
And covet not that by which Allah has made some of you excel others.
For men is the benefit of what they earn. And for women is the benefit
of what they earn. And ask Allah of His grace. Surely Allah is ever
Knower of all things.
And to every one We have appointed heirs of that which parents and near
relatives leave. And as to those with whom your right hands have
ratified agreements, give them their due. Surely Allah is ever Witness
over all things.
* * *
Men are the maintainers of women, with what Allah has made some of them
to excel others and with what they spend out of their wealth. So the
good women are obedient, guarding the unseen as Allah has guarded. And
(as to) those on whose part you fear desertion, admonish them, and leave
them alone in the beds and chastise them. So if they obey you, seek not
a way against them Surely Allah is ever Exalted, Great.
And if you fear a breach between the two, appoint an arbiter from his
people and an arbiter from her people. If they both desire agreement,
Allah will effect harmony between them. Surely Allah is ever Knowing,
And serve Allah, and associate naught with Him, and be good to the
parents and to the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the
neighbour of (your) kin and the alien neighbour, and the companion in a
journey and the wayfarer and those whom your right hands possess. Surely
Allah loves not such as are proud, boastful,
Who are niggardly and bid people to be niggardly and hide that which
Allah has given them out of His grace. And We have prepared for the
disbelievers an abasing chastisement — And those who spend their wealth
to be seen of men and believe not in Allah nor in the Last Day. And as
for him whose companion is the devil, an evil companion is he!
And what (harm) would it do them if they believe in Allah and the Last
Day and spend of that which Allah has given them? And Allah is ever
Knower of them.
Surely Allah wrongs not the weight of an atom; and if it is a good
deed, He multiplies it and gives from Himself a great reward.
41 But how will it be when We bring from every people a witness and bring thee as a witness against these?
On that day will those who disbelieved and disobeyed the Messenger
desire that the earth were levelled with them. And they can hide no fact
* * *
O you who believe, go not neat prayer when you are intoxicated till you
know what you say, nor after sexual intercourse — except you are
merely passing by — until you have bathed. And if you are sick, or on a
journey, or one of you come from the privy, or you have touched the
women, and you cannot find water, betake yourselves to pure earth, then
wipe your faces and your hands. Surely Allah is ever Pardoning,
44 Seest thou not those to whom a portion of the Book was given? They buy error and desire to make you err from the (right) way.
45 And Allah best knows your enemies. And Allah is sufficient as a Friend and Allah is sufficient as a Helper.
Some of those who are Jews alter words from their places and say, We
have heard and we disobey and (say), Hear without being made to hear,
and (say), Ra’ina, distorting with their tongues and slandering
religion. And if they had said, We hear and we obey, and hearken, and
unzurna; it would have been better for them and more upright; but Allah
has cursed them on account of their disbelief, so they believe not but a
O you who have been given the Book, believe in what We have revealed,
verifying that which you have, before We destroy the leaders and turn
them on their backs, or curse them as We cursed the Sabbath-breakers.
And the command of Allah is ever executed.
Surely Allah forgives not that a partner should be set up with Him, and
forgives all besides that to whom He pleases. And whoever sets up a
partner with Allah, he devises indeed a great sin.
Hast thou not seen those who attribute purity to themselves? Nay, Allah
purifies whom He pleases, and they will not be wronged a whit.
50 See how they forge lies against Allah! And sufficient is this as a manifest sin.
* * *
Hast thou not seen those to whom a portion of the Book was given? They
believe in sorcery and diviners and say of those who disbelieve: These
are better guided in the path than those who believe.
52 Those are they whom Allah has cursed. And whomever Allah curses, thou wilt not find a helper for him.
53 Or have they a share in the kingdom? But then they would nor give to people even the speck on a date-stone.
Or do they envy the people for that which Allah has given them of His
grace? But indeed We have given to Abraham’s children the Book and the
Wisdom, and We have given them a grand kingdom.
55 So of them is he who believes in him, and of them is he who turns away from him. And Hell is sufficient to burn.
Those who disbelieve in Our Messages, we shall make them enter Fire. As
often as their skins are burned, We shall change them for other skins,
that they may taste the chastisement. Surely Allah is ever Mighty, Wise.
And those who believe and do good deeds, We shall make them enter
Gardens wherein flow rivers, to abide in them for ever. For them therein
are pure companions and We shall make them enter a pleasant shade.
Surely Allah commands you to make over trusts to those worthy of them,
and that when you judge between people, you judge with justice. Surely
Allah admonishes you with what is excellent. Surely Allah is ever
O you who believe, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in
authority from among you; then if you quarrel about any thing, refer it
to Allah and the Messenger, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day.
This is best and more suitable to (achieve) the end.
* * *
Hast thou not seen those who assert that they believe in that which has
been revealed to thee and that which was revealed before thee? They
desire to seek the judgment of the devil, though they have been
commanded to deny him. And the devil desires to lead them far astray.
And when it is said to them, Come to that which Allah has revealed and
to the Messenger, thou seest the hypocrites turning away from thee with
But how is it that when a misfortune befalls them on account of that
which their hands have sent before, they come to thee sweating by Allah:
We desired naught but good and concord?
These are they, the secrets of whose hearts Allah knows; so turn aside
from them and admonish them and speak to them effective words concerning
And We sent no messenger but that he should be obeyed by Allah’s
command. And had they, when they wronged themselves, come to thee and
asked forgiveness of Allah, and the Messenger had (also) asked
forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah Oft-returning (to
But no, by thy Lord! they believe not until they make thee a judge of
what is in dispute between them, then find not any straitness in their
hearts as to that which thou decidest and submit with full submission.
And if We had enjoined them, Lay down your lives or go forth from your
homes, they would not have done it except a few of them. And if they had
done what they are exhorted to do, it would certainly have been better
for them and more strengthening:
67 And then We would certainly have given them from Ourselves a great reward,
68 And We would certainly have guided them in the right path.
And whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger, they are with those upon
whom Allah has bestowed favours from among the prophets and the truthful
and the faithful and the righteous, and a goodly company are they!
70 Such is the grace from Allah, and Allah is sufficient as Knower.
* * *
71 O you who believe, take your precautions, then go forth in detachments or go forth in a body.
And among you is he who would hang back. Then if a misfortune befalls
you he says: Allah indeed bestowed a favour on me as I was not present
And if bounty from Allah comes to you, he would cry, as if there were
no friendship between you and him: Would that I had been with them, then
I should have achieved a mighty success
So let those fight in the way of Allah who sell this world’s life for
the Hereafter. And whoever fights in the way of Allah, be he slain or be
he victorious, We shall grant him a mighty reward.
And what reason have you not to fight in the way of Allah, and of the
weak among the men and the women and the children, who say: Our Lord,
take us out of this town, whose people are oppressors, and grant us from
Thee a friend, and grant us from Thee a helper!
Those who believe fight in the way of Allah, and those who disbelieve
fight in the way of the devil: So fight against the friends of the
devil; surely the struggle of the devil is ever weak.
* * *
Hast thou not seen those to whom it was said: Withhold your hands, and
keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate. But when fighting is prescribed
for them, lo! a party of them fear men as they ought to fear Allah, or
with a greater fear, and say: Our Lord, why hast Thou ordained fighting
for us? Wouldst Thou not grant us respite to a near term? Say: The
enjoyment of this world is short, and the Hereafter is better for him
who keeps his duty. And you shall not be wronged a whit.
Wherever you are, death will overtake you, though you are in towers,
raised high. And if good befalls them, they say: This is from Allah; and
if a misfortune befalls them, they say: This is from thee. Say: All is
from Allah. But what is the matter with these people that they make no
effort to understand anything?
Whatever good befalls thee (O man), it is front Allah, and whatever
misfortune befalls thee, it is from thyself. And We have sent thee (O
Prophet) to mankind as a Messenger. And Allah is sufficient as a
80 Whoever obeys the Messenger, he indeed obeys Allah. And whoever turns away, We have not sent thee as a keeper over them.
And they say: Obedience. But when they go out from thy presence, a
party of them plan by night doing otherwise than what thou sayest.” And
Allah writes down what they plan by night, so turn aside from them and
trust in Allah. And Allah is sufficient as having charge of affairs.
Will they not then meditate on the Qur’an? And if it were from any
other than Allah, they would have found in it many a discrepancy.
But if any news of security or fear comes to them, they spread it
abroad. And if they had referred it to the Messenger and to those in
authority among them, those of them who can search out knowledge of it
would have known it. And were it not for the grace of Allah upon you and
His mercy, you would certainly have followed the devil save a few.
Fight then in Allah’s way — thou art not responsible except for
thyself; and urge on the believers. It may be that Allah will restrain
the fighting of those who disbelieve. And Allah is stronger in prowess
and stronger to give exemplary punishment.
Whoever intercedes in a good cause has a share of it, and whoever
intercedes in an evil cause has a portion of it. And Allah is ever
Keeper over all things.
And when you are greeted with a greeting, greet with one better than
it, or return it. Surely Allah ever takes account of all things.
Allah, there is no god but He — He will certainly gather you together
on the Resurrection day, there is no doubt in it. And who is more true
in word than Allah?
* * *
Why should you, then, be two parties in relation to the hypocrites
while Allah has made them return (to disbelief) for what they have
earned? Do you desire to guide him whom Allah leaves in error? And
whomsoever Allah leaves in error thou canst not find a way for him.
They long that you should disbelieve as they have disbelieved so that
you might be on the same level; so take not from among them friends
until they flee (their homes) in Allah’s way. Then if they turn back (to
hostility), seize them and kill them wherever you find them, and take
no friend nor helper from among them,
Except those who join a people between whom and you there is an
alliance, or who come to you, their hearts shrinking from fighting you
or fighting their own people. And if Allah had pleased, He would have
given them power over you, so that they would have fought you. So if
they withdraw from you and fight you not and offer you peace, then Allah
allows you no way against them.
You will find others who desire to be secure from you and secure from
their own people. Whenever they are made to return to hostility, they
are plunged into it. So if they withdraw not from you, nor offer you
peace and restrain their hands, then seize them and kill them wherever
you find them. And against these We have given you a dear authority.
* * *
And a believer would not kill a believer except by mistake. And he who
kills a believer by mistake should free a believing slave, and
blood-money should be paid to his people unless they remit it as alms.
But if he be from a tribe hostile to you and he is a believer, the
freeing of a believing slave (suffices) And if he be from a tribe
between whom and you there is a covenant, the blood-money should be paid
to his people along with the freeing of a believing slave but he who
has nor the means should fast for two months successively: a penance
from Allah. And Allah is ever Knowing, Wise.
And whoever kills a believer intentionally, his punishment is hell,
abiding therein: and Allah is wroth with him and He has cursed him and
prepared for him a grievous chastisement.
O you who believe, when you go forth (to fight) in Allah’s way, make
investigation, and say not to any one who offers you salutation, Thou
art not a believer, seeking the good of this worlds life. But with Allah
there are abundant gains. You too were such before, then Allah
conferred a benefit on you; so make investigation. Surely Allah is ever
Aware of what you do.
The holders back from among the believers, not disabled by injury, and
those who strive hard in Allah’s way with their property and their
persons, are not equal. Allah has made the strivers with their property
and their persons to excel the holders-back a (high) degree. And to each
Allah has promised good. And Allah has granted to the strivers above
the holders-back a mighty reward — (High) degrees from Him and
protection and mercy. And Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
* * *
(As for) those whom the angels cause to die while they are unjust to
themselves, (the angels) will say What were you doing? They will say We
were weak in the earth (They will) say: Was not Allah’s earth spacious,
so that you could have migrated therein? So these it is whose refuge is
hell and it is an evil resort.
98 Except the weak from among the men and the women and the children who have not the means, nor can they find a way (to escape);
99 So these, it may be that Allah will pardon them. And Allah is ever Pardoning, Forgiving.
And whoever flees in Allah’s way, he will find in the earth many a
place of escape and abundant resources. And whoever goes forth from his
home fleeing to Allah and His Messenger, then death overtakes him, his
reward is indeed with Allah. And Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
* * *
And when you journey in the earth, there is no blame on you if you
shorten the prayer, if you fear that those who disbelieve will give you
trouble. Surely the disbelievers are an open enemy to you.
And when thou art among them and leadest the prayer for them, let a
party of them stand up with thee, and let them take their arms; Then
when they have performed their prostration, let them go to your rear,
and let another party who have not prayed come forward and pray with
thee, and let them take their precautions and their arms. Those who
disbelieve long that you may neglect your arms and your baggage, that
they may attack you with a sudden united attack. And there is no blame
on you, if you are inconvenienced on account of rain or if you are sick,
to put away your arms; and take your precautions. Surely Allah has
prepared abasing chastisement for the disbelievers.
So when you have finished the prayer, remember Allah standing and
sitting and reclining. But when you are secure, from danger, keep up
(regular) prayer. Prayer indeed has been enjoined on the believers at
And be not weak-hearted in pursuit of the enemy. If you suffer they
(too) suffer as you suffer, and you hope from Allah what they hope not.
And Allah is ever Knowing, Wise
* * *
Surely We have revealed the Book to thee with truth that thou mayest
judge between people by means of what Allah has taught thee. And be not
one pleading the cause of the dishonest,
106 And ask the forgiveness of Allah. Surely Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
107 And contend not on behalf of those who act unfaithfully to their souls. Surely Allah loves not him who is treacherous, sinful:
They seek to hide from men and they cannot hide from Allah, and He is
with them when they counsel by night matters which please Him not. And
Allah ever encompasses what they do.
Behold! You are they who may contend on their behalf in this world’s
life, but who will contend with Allah on their behalf on the
Resurrection day, or who will have charge of their affairs?
110 And whoever does evil or wrongs his soul, then asks forgiveness of Allah, will find Allah Forgiving, Merciful.
111 And whoever commits a sin, commits it only against himself. And Allah is ever Knowing, Wise.
And whoever commits a fault or a sin, then accuses of it one innocent,
he indeed takes upon himself the burden of a calumny and a manifest sin.
* * *
And were it not for Allah’s grace upon thee and His mercy, a party of
them had certainly designed to ruin thee. And they ruin only themselves,
and they cannot harm thee in any way. And Allah has revealed to thee
the Book and the Wisdom, and taught thee what thou knewest not, and
Allah’s grace on thee is very great.
There is no good in most of their secret counsels except (in) him who
enjoins charity or goodness or reconciliation between people. And
whoever does this, seeking Allah’s pleasure, We shall give him a mighty
And whoever acts hostilely to the Messenger after guidance has become
manifest to him and follows other than the way of the believers, We turn
him to that to which he (himself) turns and make him enter hell and it
is an evil resort.
* * *
Surely Allah forgives not setting up partners with Him, and He forgives
all besides this to whom He pleases. And whoever sets up a partner with
Allah, he indeed goes far astray
117 Besides Him they call on nothing but female divinities and they call on nothing but a rebellious devil,
118 Whom Allah has cursed. And he said: Certainly I will take of Thy servants an appointed portion;
And certainly I will lead them astray and excite in them vain desires
and bid them so that they will slit the ears of the cattle, and bid them
so that they will alter Allah’s creation. And whoever takes the devil
for a friend, forsaking Allah, he indeed suffers a manifest loss.
120 He promises them and excites vain desires in them. And the devil promises them only to deceive.
121 These — their refuge is hell, and they will find no way of escape from it.
And those who believe and do good, We shall make them enter Gardens in
which rivers flow, to abide therein for ever. It is Allah’s promise, in
truth. And who is more truthful in word than Allah?
It will not be in accordance with your vain desires nor the vain
desires of the People of the Book. Whoever does evil, will be requited
for it and will not find for himself besides Allah a friend or a helper.
And whoever does good deeds, whether male or female, and he (or she) is
a believer these will enter the Garden, and they will not be dealt with
a whit unjustly.
And who is better in religion than he who submits himself entirely to
Allah while doing good (to others) and follows the faith of Abraham, the
upright one? And Allah took Abraham for a friend
126 And to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. And Allah ever encompasses all things.
* * *
And they ask thee a decision about women. Say Allah makes known to you
His decision concerning them; and that which is recited to you in the
Book is concerning widowed women, whom you give not what is appointed
for them, while you are not inclined to marry them, nor to the weak
among children, and that you should deal justly with orphans and
whatever good you do, Allah is surely ever Knower of it.
And if a woman fears ill-usage from her husband or desertion no blame
is on them if they effect a reconciliation between them. And
reconciliation is better. And avarice is met with in (men’s) minds. And
if you do good (to others) and keep your duty, surely Allah is ever
Aware of what you do.
And you cannot do justice between wives, even though you wish (it), but
be not disinclined (from one) with total disinclination, so that you
leave her in suspense. And if you are reconciled and keep your duty,
surely Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
130 And if they separate, Allah will render them both free from want out of His ampleness. And Allah is ever Ample-giving, Wise.
And to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the
earth. And certainly We enjoined those who were given the Book before
you and (We enjoin) you too to keep your duty to Allah. And if you
disbelieve, surely to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and
whatever is in the earth. And Allah is ever Self-sufficient,
132 And to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. And Allah suffices as having charge of affairs.
133 If He please, He will take you away, O people, and bring others. And Allah is ever Powerful to do that.
Whoever desires the reward of this world — then with Allah is the
reward of this world and the Hereafter. And Allah is ever Hearing
* * *
O you who believe, be maintainers of justice, bearers of witness for
Allah, even though it be against your own selves or (your) parents or
near relatives whether he be rich or poor, Allah has a better right over
them both. So follow not (your) low desires, lest you deviate. And if
you distort or turn away from (truth), surely Allah is ever Aware of
what you do.
O you who believe, believe in Allah and His Messenger and the Book
which He has revealed to His Messenger and the Book which He revealed
before. And whoever disbelieves in Allah and His angels and His Books
and His messengers and the Last Day, he indeed strays far away.
Those who believe then disbelieve, again believe and again disbelieve,
then increase in disbelief, Allah will never forgive them nor guide them
in the (right) way.
138 Give news to the hypocrites that for them is a painful chastisement —
Those who take disbelievers for friends rather than believers. Do they
seek for might from them? Might surely belongs wholly to Allah.
And indeed He has revealed to you in the Book that when you hear
Allah’s messages disbelieved in and mocked at, sit not with them until
they enter into some other discourse, for then indeed you would be like
them. Surely Allah will gather together the hypocrites and the
disbelievers all in hell —
Those who wait (for misfortunes) for you. Then if you have a victory
from Allah they say Were we not with you? And if there is a chance for
the disbelievers, they say Did we not prevail over you and defend you
from the believers? So Allah will judge between you on the day of
Resurrection. And Allah will by no means give the disbelievers a way
against the believers.
* * *
The hypocrites seek to deceive Allah, and He will requite their deceit
to them. And when they stand up for prayer, they stand up sluggishly —
they do it only to be seen of men and remember Allah but little,
Wavering between that (and this) (belonging) neither to these nor to
those. And whomsoever Allah leaves in error, thou wilt not a way for
O you who believe, take not the disbelievers for friends rather than
the believers. Do you desire to give Allah a manifest proof against
145 The hypocrites are surely in the lowest depths of the Fire, and thou wilt find no helper for them,
Save those who repent and amend and hold fast to Allah and are sincere
in their obedience to Allah — these are with the believers. And Allah
will soon grant the believers a mighty reward.
147 Why should Allah chastise you if you are grateful and believe? And Allah is ever Multiplier of rewards, Knowing.
* * *
148 Allah loves not the public utterance of hurtful speech, except by one who has been wronged. And Allah is ever Hearing, Knowing.
149 If you do good openly or keep it secret or pardon an evil, Allah surely is ever Pardoning, Powerful.
Those who disbelieve in Allah and His messengers and desire to make a
distinction between Allah and His messengers and say: We believe in some
and disbelieve in others; and desire to take a course in between —
151 These are truly disbelievers and We have prepared for the disbelievers an abasing chastisement.
And those who believe in Allah and His messengers and make no
distinction between any of them, to them He will grant their rewards.
And Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
* * *
The People of the Book ask thee to bring down to them a Book from
heaven; indeed they demanded of Moses a greater thing than that, for
they said: Show us Allah manifestly. So destructive punishment overtook
them on account of their wrongdoing. Then they took the calf (for a
god), after dear signs had come to them, but We pardoned this. And We
gave Moses dear authority.
And We raised the mountain above them at their covenant. And We said to
them: Enter the door making obeisance. And We said to them: Violate not
the Sabbath; and We took from them a firm covenant.
Then for their breaking their covenant and their disbelief in the
messages of Allah and their killing the prophets wrongfully and their
saying, Our hearts are covered; nay, Allah has sealed them owing to
their disbelief, so they believe not but a little:
156 And for their disbelief and for their uttering against Mary a grievous calumny:
And for their saying: We have killed the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary,
the messenger of Allah, and they killed him not, nor did they cause his
death on the cross, but he was made to appear to them as such. And
certainly those who differ therein are in doubt about it. They have no
knowledge about it, but only follow a conjecture, and they killed him
not for certain:
158 Nay, Allah exalted him in His presence. And Allah is ever Mighty, Wise.
And there is none of the People of the Book but will believe in this
before his death; and on the day of Resurrection he will be a witness
So for the iniquity of the Jews, We forbade them the good things which
had been made lawful for them, and for their hindering many (people)
from Allah’s way.
And for their taking usury though indeed they were forbidden it and
their devouring the property of people falsely. And We have prepared for
the disbelievers from among them a painful chastisement.
But the firm in knowledge among them and the believers believe in that
which has been revealed to thee and that which was revealed before thee,
and those who keep up prayer and give the poor-rate and the believers
in Allah and the Last Day — these it is to whom We shall give a mighty
* * *
Surely We have revealed to thee as We revealed to Noah and the prophets
after him, and We revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob
and the tribes, and Jesus and Job and Jonah and Aaron and Solomon, and
We gave to David a scripture.
And (We sent) messengers We have mentioned to thee before and
messengers We have not mentioned to thee. And to Moses Allah addressed
His word, speaking (to him)–
Messengers, bearers of good news and warners, so that the people may
have no plea against Allah after the (coming of) messengers. And Allah
is ever Mighty, Wise.
But Allah bears witness by that which He has revealed to thee that He
has revealed it with His knowledge, and the angels (also) bear witness.
And Allah is sufficient as a witness.
167 Those who disbelieve and hinder (others) from Allah’s way, they indeed have erred, going far astray.
168 Those who disbelieve and act unjustly, Allah will never forgive them, nor guide them to a path,
169 Except the path of hell, to abide in it for a long time. And that is easy to Allah.
O mankind, the Messenger has indeed come to you with truth from your
Lord, so believe, it is better for you. And if you disbelieve, then
surely to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and the earth. And
Allah is ever Knowing, Wise.
O People of the Book, exceed not the limits in your religion nor speak
anything about Allah, but the truth. The Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, is
only a messenger of Allah and His word which He communicated to Mary
and a mercy from Him. So believe in Allah and His messengers. And say
not, Three. Desist, it is better for you. Allah is only one God. Far be
it from His glory to have a son. To Him belongs whatever is in the
heavens and whatever is in the earth. And sufficient is Allah as having
charge of affairs.
* * *
The Messiah disdains not to be a servant of Allah, not do the angels
who are near to Him. And whoever disdains His service and is proud, He
will gather them all together to Himself.
Then as for those who believe and do good, He will pay them fully their
rewards and give them more out of His grace. And as for those who
disdain and are proud, He will chastise them with a painful
174 And they will find for themselves besides Allah no friend nor helper.
175 O people, manifest proof has indeed come to you from your Lord and We have sent down to you a clear light.
Then as for those who believe in Allah and hold fast by Him, He will
admit them to His mercy and grace, and guide them to Himself on a right
They ask thee for a decision. Say: Allah gives you a decision
concerning the person who has neither parents nor children. If a man
dies (and) he has no son and he has a sister, hers is half of what he
leaves, and he shall be her heir if she has no son. But if there be two
(sisters), they shall have two-thirds of what he leaves. And if there
are brethren, men and women, then for the male is the like of the
portion of two females. Allah makes dear to you, lest you err. And Allah
is Knower of all things.
[Click here to read more of The Holy Qu’ran, an English translation by Maulana Muhammad Ali.]