The Holy Qu’ran
English translation by Maulana Muhammad Ali
first published in 1917, the following comes from the 1920 printing
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
1 I, Allah, am the Seer. A Book, whose verses are characterized by wisdom, then they are made plain, from One Wise, Aware:
2 That you should serve none but Allah. Surely I am to you from Him a warner and a giver of good news.
3 And ask forgiveness of your Lord, then turn to Him. He will provide you with a goodly provision to an appointed term, and will bestow His grace on every one endowed with grace. And if you turn away, I fear for you the chastisement of a great day.
4 To Allah is your return, and He is Possessor of power over all things.
5 Now surely they cover up their breasts to conceal (their enmity) from Him. Now surely, when they put their garments as a covering, He knows what they hide and what they make public. Surely He is Knower of what is in the breasts.
6 And there is no animal in the earth but on Allah is the sustenance of it, and He knows its resting-place and its depository. All is in a clear record.
7 And He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in six periods and His Throne of Power is ever on water that He might manifest (the good qualities in) you whoever of you is best in deeds. And if thou sayest, You shall surely be raised up after death, those who disbelieve say This is nothing but clear deceit.
8 And if We delay for them the chastisement for a stated period, they will certainly say: What prevents it? Now surely on the day when it will come to them, it will not be averted from them, and that which they scoffed at will beset them.
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9 And if We make man taste mercy from Us, then withdraw it from him, he is surely despairing, ungrateful.
10 And if We make him taste a favour after distress has afflicted him, he says: The evils are gone away from me. Certainly he is exultant, boastful,
11 Except those who are patient and do good. For them is forgiveness and a great reward.
12 Then, may it be that thou wilt give up part of what is revealed to thee and thy breast will he straitened by it, because they say: Why has not a tteasure been sent down for him or an angel come with him? Thou art only a warner And Allah is in charge of all things.
13 Or, say they He has forged it. Say: Then bring ten forged chapters like it, and call upon whom you can besides Allah, if you are truthful.
14 But if they answer you not, then know that it is revealed by Allah’s knowledge, and that there is no God but He. Will you then submit?
15 Whoever desires this world’s life and its finery We repay them their deeds therein, and they are not made to suffer loss in it.
16 These are they for whom there is nothing but Fire in the Hereafter. And what they work therein is fruitless and their deeds are vain.
17 Is he then (like these) who has with him clear proof from his Lord, and a witness from Him recites it, and before it (is) the Book of Moses, a guide and a mercy? These believe in it. And whoever of the parties disbelieves in it, the Fire is his promised place. So be not in doubt about It. Surely it is the truth from thy Lord, but most men believe not.
18 And who is more unjust than he who forges a lie against Allah? These will be brought before their Lord, and the witnesses will say: These are they who lied against their Lord. Now surely the curse of Allah is on the wrongdoers,
19 Who hinder (men) from the path of Allah and desire to make it crooked. And they are disbelievers in the Hereafter.
20 These will not escape in the earth, nor have they guardians besides Allah. The chastisement will be doubled for them. They could not beat to hear, and they did not see.
21 These are they who have lost their souls, and that which they forged is gone from them.
22 Truly in the Hereafter they are the greatest losers.
23 Surely those who believe and do good and humble themselves before their Lord, these are the owners of the Garden; therein they will abide.
24 The likeness of the two parties is as the blind and the deaf, and the seer and the hearer. Are they equal in condition? Will you not then mind?
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25 And certainly We sent Noah to his people: Surely I am a plain warner to you,
26 To serve none but Allah. Verily I fear for you the chastisement of a painful day.
27 But the chiefs of his people who disbelieved said: We see thee not but a mortal like us, and we see not that any follow thee but those who are the meanest of us at first thought. Nor do we see in you any superiority over us; nay, we deem you liars.
28 He said: O my people, see you if I have with me clear proof from my Lord, and He has granted me mercy from Himself and it has been made obscure to you. Can we compel you to (accept) it while you are averse to it?
29 And, O my people, I ask you not for wealth (in return) for it. My reward is only with Allah, and I am not going to drive away those who believe. Surely they will meet their Lord, but I see you a people who are ignorant.
30 And, O my people, who will help me against Allah, if I drive them away? Will you not then mind?
31 And I say not to you that I have the treasures of Allah; and I know not the unseen; nor do I say that I am an angel. Nor do I say about those whom your eyes scorn that Allah will not grant them (any) good. Allah knows best what is in their souls — for then indeed I should be of the wrongdoers.
32 They said: O Noah, indeed thou hast disputed with us and prolonged dispute with us, so bring upon us that which thou threatenest us with, if thou art truthful.
33 He said: Only Allah will bring it on you, if He please, and you will not escape:
34 And my advice will not profit you, if I intend to give you good advice, if Allah intends to destroy you. He is your Lord; and to Him you will be brought back.
35 Or say they: He has forged it? Say: If I have forged it, on me is my guilt; and I am free of that of which you are guilty.
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36 And it was revealed to Noah: None of thy people will believe except those who have already believed, so grieve not at what they do:
37 And make the ark under Our eyes and Our revelation, and speak not to Me on behalf of those who are unjust. Surely they will be drowned.
38 And he began to make the ark. And whenever the chiefs of his people passed by him, they laughed at him. He said: If you laugh at us, surely we, too, laugh at you as you laugh (at us).
39 So you shall know who it is on whom will come a chastisement which will disgrace him, and on whom a lasting chastisement will fall.
40 At length when Our command came and water gushed forth from the valley, We said: Carry in it two of all things, a pair, and thine own family except those against whom the word has already gone forth — and those who believe. And there believed not with him but a few.
41 And he said: Embark in it, in the name of Allah be its sailing and its anchoring. Surely my Lord is Forgiving, Merciful.
42 And it moved on with them amid waves like mountains. And Noah called out to his son, and he was aloof: O my son, embark with us and be not with the disbelievers.
43 He said: I will betake myself for refuge to a mountain that will save me from the water. He said: There is none safe to-day from Allah’s command, but he on whom He has mercy. And a wave intervened between them, so he was among the drowned.
44 And it was said: O earth, swallow thy water, and O cloud, clear away. And the water was made to abate, and the affair was decided, and it rested on the Judi, and it was said: Away with the iniquitous people!
45 And Noah cried to his Lord and said: My Lord, surely my son is of my family, and Thy promise is true, and Thou art the Justest of the judges.
46 He said: O Noah, he is not of thy family; he is (an embodiment of) unrighteous conduct. So ask not of Me that of which thou hast no knowledge. I admonish thee lest thou be of the ignorant.
47 He said: My Lord, I seek refuge in Thee from asking of Thee that of which I have no knowledge. And unless Thou forgive me and have mercy on me, I shall be of the losers.
48 It was said: O Noah, descend with peace from Us and blessings on thee and on nations (springing) from those with thee. And there are nations whom We afford provisions, then a painful punishment from Us afflicts them.
49 These are announcements relating to the unseen which We reveal to thee; thou didst not know them (neither) thou nor thy people before this. So be patient. Surely, the (good) end is for the dutiful.
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50 And to ‘Ad (We sent) their brother Hud. He said: O my people, serve Allah, you have no god save Him. You are only fabricators.
51 O my people, I ask of you no reward for it. My reward is only with Him Who created me. Do you not then understand?
52 And, O my people, ask forgiveness of your Lord, then turn to Him, He will send on you clouds pouring down abundance of rain and add strength to your strength, and turn not back, guilty.
53 They said: O Hud, thou hast brought us no clear argument, and we are not going to desert our gods for thy word, and we are not believers in thee.
54 We say naught but that some of our gods have smitten thee with evil. He said: Surely I call Allah to witness, and do you, too, bear witness that I am innocent of what you associate (with Allah)
55 Besides Him. So scheme against me all together, then give me no respite.
56 Surely I put my trust in Allah, my Lord and your Lord. There is no living creature but He grasps it by its forelock. Surely my Lord is on the right path.
57 But if you turn away, then indeed I have delivered to you that with which I am sent to you. And my Lord will bring another people in your place, and you cannot do Him any harm. Surely my Lord is the Preserver of all things.
58 And when Our commandment came to pass, We delivered Hud and those who believed with him with mercy from Us; and We delivered them from a hard chastisement.
59 And such were ‘Ad. They denied the messages of their Lord, and disobeyed His messengers and followed the bidding of every insolent opposer (of truth).
60 And they were overtaken by a curse in this world and on the day of Resurrection. Now surely ‘Ad disbelieved in their Lord. Now surely, away with ‘Ad, the people of Hud!
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61 And to Thamud (We sent) their brother Salih. He said: O my people, serve Allah, you have no god other than Him. He brought you forth from the earth and made you dwell in it, so ask forgiveness of Him, then turn to Him. Surely my Lord is Nigh, Answering.
62 They said: O Salih, thou wast among us a centre of (our) hopes before this. Dost thou forbid us to worship what our fathers worshipped? And surely we are in grave doubt about that to which thou callest us.
63 He said: O my people, see you if I have clear proof from my Lord and He has granted me mercy from Himself who will then help me against Allah, if I disobey Him? So you would add to me naught but perdition.
64 And, O my people, this is Allah’s she-camel, a sign for you, so leave her to pasture on Allah’s earth and touch her not with evil, lest a near chastisement overtake you.
65 But they hamstrung her, so he said: Enjoy yourselves in your houses for three days. That is a promise not to be belied.
66 So when Our commandment came to pass, We saved Salih and those who believed with him by mercy from Us from the disgrace of that day. Surely thy Lord — He is the Strong, the Mighty.
67 And the cry overtook those who did wrong, so they were motionless bodies in their abodes,
68 As though they had never dwelt therein. Now surely Thamud disbelieved in their Lord. So away with Thamud!
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69 And certainly Our messengers came to Abraham with good news. They said: Peace! Peace! said he, And he made no delay in bringing a roasted calf.
70 But when he saw that their hands reached not to it, he mistrusted them and conceived fear of them. They said: Fear not we have been sent to Lot’s people.
71 And his wife was standing (by), so she wondered. Then We gave her the good news of Isaac, and beyond Isaac, of Jacob.
72 She said; O wonder! Shall I bear a son when I am an extremely old woman, and this my husband an extremely old man? This is a wonderful thing indeed!
73 They said: Wonderest thou at Allah’s commandment? The mercy of Allah and His blessings on you, O people of the house. Surely He is Praised, Glorious.
74 So when feat departed from Abraham and good news came to him, he began to plead with Us for Lot’s people.
75 Surely Abraham was forbearing, tender-hearted, oft-returning (to Allah).
76 O Abraham, cease from this. Surely the decree of thy Lord has gone forth and there must come to them a chastisement that cannot be averted.
77 And when Our messengers came to Lot, he was grieved for them, and he was unable to protect them, and said: This is a distressful day!
78 And his people came to him, (as if) driven on towards him, and they were used to the doing of evil deeds before. He said: O my people, these are my daughters — they are purer for you; so guard against (the punishment of) Allah and disgrace me not about my guests. Is there not among you any right-minded man?
79 They said: Certainly thou knowest that we have no claim on thy daughters, and thou knowest what we desire.
80 He said: Would that I had the power to repel you! — rather I shall have recourse to a strong support.
81 They said: O Lot, we are the messengers of thy Lord. They shall not reach thee. So travel with thy people for a part of the night and let none of you turn back except thy wife. Surely whatsoever befalls them shall befall her. Surely their appointed time is the morning. Is not the morning nigh?
82 So when Our decree came to pass, We turned them upside down, and rained on them stones, as decreed, one after another,
83 Marked (for punishment) with thy Lord. And it is not far off from the wrongdoers.
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84 And to Midian (We sent) their brother Shu’aib. He said: O my people, serve Allah, you have no other god save Him. And give not short measure and weight. I see you in prosperity, and I fear for you the chastisement of an all-encompassing day:
85 And, O my people, give full measure and weight justly, and defraud not men of their things, and act not corruptly in the land, making mischief:
86 What remains with Allah is better for you, if you are believers. And I am not a keeper over you.
87 They said: O Shu’aib, does thy prayer enjoin thee that we should forsake what our fathers worshipped or that we should not do what we please with regard to our property? Forsooth thou art the forbearing, the right-directing one!
88 He said: O my people, see you if I have a dear proof from my Lord and He has given me a goodly sustenance from Himself. And I desire not to act in opposition to you, in that which I forbid you. I desire nothing but reform, so far as I am able. And with none but Allah is the direction of my affair to a right issue. In Him I trust and to Him I turn.
89 And, O my people, let not opposition to me make you guilty so that there may befall you the like of that which befell the people of Noah, or the people of Hud, or the people of Salih. Nor are the people of Lot far off from you.
90 And ask forgiveness of your Lord, then turn to Him. Surely my Lord is Merciful, Loving-kind.
91 They said; O Shu’aib we understand not much of what thou sayest and surely we see thee to be weak among us. And were it not for thy family, we would surely stone thee, and thou art not mighty against us.
92 He said; O my people, is my family more esteemed by you than Allah? And you neglect Him as a thing cast behind your backs! Surely my Lord encompasses what you do.
93 And, O my people, act according to your ability, I too am acting. You will come to know soon who it is on whom will light the punishment that will disgrace him, and who it is that is a liar. And watch, surely I too am watching with you.
94 And when Our decree came to pass, We delivered Shu’aib and those who believed with him by mercy from Us. And the cry overtook those who were iniquitous, so they were motionless bodies in their abodes,
95 As though they had never dwelt in them. So away with Midian, just as Thamud perished!
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96 And certainly We sent Moses with Our signs and a dear authority,
97 To Pharaoh and his chiefs, but they followed the bidding of Pharaoh; and Pharaoh’s bidding was not right-directing.
98 He will lead his people on the day of Resurrection, and bring them down to the Fire. And evil the place to which they are brought!
99 And they are overtaken by a curse in this (world), and on the day of Resurrection. Evil the gift which shall be given!
100 This is an account of the towns which we relate to thee. Of them are some that stand and (others) mown down.
101 And We wronged them not but they wronged themselves. And their gods whom they called upon besides Allah availed them naught when the decree of thy Lord came to pass. And they added to them naught but ruin.
102 And such is the punishment of thy Lord, when He punishes the towns while they are iniquitous. Surely His punishment is painful, severe.
103 Surely there is a sign in this for him who fears the chastisement of the Hereafter. That is a day on which people will be gathered together, and that is a day to be witnessed.
104 And We delay it not but for an appointed term.
105 On the day when it comes, no soul will speak except by His permission; so (some) of them will be unhappy and (others) happy.
106 Then as for those who are unhappy, they will be in the Fire; for them therein will be sighing and groaning —
107 Abiding therein so long as the heavens and the earth endure, except as thy Lord please. Surely thy Lord is Doer of what He intends.
108 And as for those who are made happy, they will be in the Garden abiding therein so long as the heavens and the earth endure, except as thy Lord please — a gift never to be cut off.
109 So be not thou in doubt as to that which these worship. They worship only as their fathers worshipped before. And surely We shall pay them in full their due undiminished.
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110 And We certainly gave the Book to Moses, but differences arose therein. And had not a word gone forth from thy Lord, the matter would have been decided between them. And they are surely in a disquieting doubt about it.
111 And thy Lord will surely pay back to all their deeds in full. He indeed is Aware of what they do.
112 Continue then in the right way as thou art commanded, as also (should) those who turn (to Allah) with thee. And be not inordinate, (O men). Surely He is Seer of what you do.
113 And incline not to those who do wrong, lest the fire touch you; and you have no protectors besides Allah, then you would not be helped.
114 And keep up prayer at the two ends of the day and in the first hours of the night. Surely good deeds take away evil deeds. This is a reminder for the mindful.
115 And be patient, for surely Allah wastes not the reward of the doers of good.
116 Why were there not then among the generations before you those possessing understanding, forbidding mischief in the earth, except a few among them whom We delivered? And the unjust pursued the enjoyment of plenty, and they were guilty.
117 And thy Lord would not destroy the towns unjustly, while their people acted well.
118 And if thy Lord had pleased, He would have made people a single nation. And they cease not to differ,
119 Except those on whom thy Lord has mercy; and for this did He create them. And the word of thy Lord is fulfilled: I shall fill hell with jinn and men, all together.
120 And all We relate to thee of the account of the messengers is to strengthen thy heart therewith. And in this has come to thee the truth and an admonition and a reminder for the believers.
121 And say to those who believe not: Act according to your power, surely we too are acting
122 And wait, surely we are waiting (also).
123 And Allah’s is the unseen in the heavens and the earth, and to Him the whole affair will be returned. So serve Him and put thy trust in Him. And thy Lord is not heedless of what you do.
12. Yusuf (Joseph)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
1 I, Allah, am the Seer. These are the verses of the Book that makes manifest.
2 Surely We have revealed it — an Arabic Qur’an — that you may understand.
3 We narrate to thee the best of narratives, in that We have revealed to thee this Qur’an, though before this thou wast of those unaware.
4 When Joseph said to his father: O my father, I saw eleven stars and the sun and the moon — I saw them making obeisance to me.
5 He said: O my son, relate not thy dream to thy brethren, lest they devise a plan against thee. The devil indeed is an open enemy to man.
6 And thus will thy Lord choose thee and teach thee the interpretation of sayings, and make His favour complete to thee and to the Children of Jacob, as He made it complete before to thy fathers, Abraham and Isaac. Surely thy Lord is Knowing, Wise.
* * *
7 Verily in Joseph and his brethren there are signs for the inquirers.
8 When they said: Certainly Joseph and his brother are dearer to our father than we, though we are a (strong) company. Surely our father is in manifest error —
9 Slay Joseph or banish him to some (other) land, so that your father’s regard may be exclusively for you, and after that you may be a righteous people.
10 A speaker among them said: Slay not Joseph, but, if you are going to do anything, cast him down to the bottom of the well. Some of the travellers may pick him up.
11 They said: O our father, why dost thou not trust us with Joseph, and surely we are his sincere well-wishers?
12 Send him with us to-morrow that he may enjoy himself and play and we shall surely guard him well.
13 He said: Indeed it grieves me that you should take him away and I fear lest the wolf devour him, while you are heedless of him.
14 They said: If the wolf should devour him, while we are a (strong) company, we should then certainly be losers.
15 So when they took him away and agreed to put him down at the bottom of the pit, We revealed to him: Thou wilt certainly inform them of this affair of theirs while they perceive not.
16 And they came to their father at nightfall, weeping.
17 They said: O our father, we went off racing one with another and left Joseph by our goods, so the wolf devoured him. And thou wilt not believe us, though we are truthful.
18 And they came with false blood on his shirt. He said: Nay, your souls have made a matter light for you. So patience is goodly. And Allah is He Whose help is sought against what you describe.
19 And there came travellers, and they sent their water-drawer and he let down his bucket. He said: O good news! This is a youth. And they concealed him as an article of merchandise, and Allah was Cognizant of what they did.
20 And they sold him for a small price, a few pieces of silver, and they showed no desire for him.
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21 And the Egyptian who bought him said to his wife: Make his stay honourable. Maybe he will be useful to us, or we may adopt him as a son. And thus We established Joseph in the land, and that We might teach him the interpretation of sayings. And Allah has full control over His affair, but most people know not.
22 And when he attained his maturity, We gave him wisdom and knowledge. And thus do We reward the doers of good.
23 And she in whose house he was, sought to seduce him, and made fast the doors and said: Come. He said: Allah forbid! Surely my Lord made good my abode. The wrongdoers never prosper.
24 And certainly she desired him, and he would have desired her, were it nor that he had seen the manifest evidence of his Lord. Thus (it was) that We might turn away from him evil and indecency. Surely he was one of Our chosen servants.
25 And they raced with one another to the door, and she rent his shirt from behind, and they met her husband at the door. She said: What is the punishment for one who intends evil to thy wife, except imprisonment or a painful chastisement?
26 He said: She sought to seduce me. And a witness of her own family bore witness: If his shirt is rent in front, she speaks the truth and he is of the liars.
27 And if his shirt is rent behind, she tells a lie and he is of the truthful.
28 So when he saw his shirt rent behind, he said: Surely it is a device of you women. Your device is indeed great!
29 O Joseph, turn aside from this. And (O my wife), ask forgiveness for thy sin. Surely thou art one of the sinful.
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30 And women in the city said: The chiefs wife seeks to seduce her slave. He has indeed affected her deeply with (his) love. Truly we see her in manifest error.
31 So when she heard of their device, she sent for them and prepared for them a repast, and gave each of them a knife; and said (to Joseph): Come out to them. So when they saw him, they deemed him great, and cut their hands (in amazement), and said: Holy Allah! This is not a mortal! This is but a noble angel.
32 She said: This is he about whom you blamed me. And certainly I sought to seduce him, but he was firm in continence. And if he do not what I bid him, he shall certainly be imprisoned, and he shall certainly be of the abject.
33 He said: My Lord, the prison is dearer to me than that to which they invite me. And if Thou turn not away their device from me, I shall yearn towards them and be of the ignorant.
34 So his Lord accepted his prayer and turned away their device from him. Surely He is the Hearer, the Knower.
35 Then it occurred to them after they had seen the signs that they should imprison him till a time.
* * *
36 And two youths entered the prison with him. One of them said: I saw myself pressing wine. And the other said: I saw myself carrying bread on my head, of which birds were eating. Inform us of its interpretation surely we see thee to be of the doers of good.
37 He said: The food with which you are fed shall not come to you, but I shall inform you of its’ interpretation before it comes to you. This is of what my Lord has taught me. Surely I have forsaken the religion of a people who believe not in Allah, and are deniers of the Hereafter.
38 And I follow the religion of my fathers, Abraham and Isaac and Jacob. It beseems us not to associate aught with Allah. This is by Allah’s grace upon us and on mankind, but most people give not thanks.
39 O my two fellow-prisoners, are sundry lords better or Allah the One, the Supreme?
40 You serve not besides Him but names which you have named, you and your fathers Allah has sent down no authority for them. Judgment is only Allah’s. He has commanded that you serve none but Him. This is the right religion, but most people know not.
41 O my two fellow-prisoners, as for one of you, he will serve wine for his lord to drink; and as for the other, he will be crucified, so that the birds will eat from his head. The matter is decreed concerning which you inquired.
42 And he said to him whom he knew would be delivered of the two Remember me with thy lord. But the devil caused him to forget mentioning (it) to his lord, so he remained in the prison a few years.
* * *
43 And the King said: I have seen seven fat kine which seven lean ones devoured; — and seven green ears and (seven) others dry. O chiefs, explain to me my dream, if you can interpret the dream.
44 They said: Confused dreams, and we know not the interpretation of dreams.
45 And of the two, he who had found deliverance and remembered after a long time said: I will inform you of its interpretation, so send me.
46 Joseph, O truthful one, explain to us seven fat kine which seven lean ones devoured, and seven green ears and (seven) others dry, that I may go back to the people so that they may know.
47 He said: You shall sow for seven years as usual, then that which you reap, leave it in its ear, except a little which you eat.
48 Then after that will come seven years of hardship, which will eat away all you have beforehand stored for them, except a little which you have preserved.
49 Then after that will come a year in which people will have rain and in which they will press (grapes).
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50 And the king said: Bring him to me. So when the messenger came to him, he said: Go back to thy lord and ask him, what is the case of the women who cut their hands. Surely my Lord knows their device.
51 (The king) said: What was your affair when you sought to seduce Joseph? They said: Holy Allah! We knew of no evil on his part. The chief’s wife said: Now has the truth become manifest. I sought to seduce him and he is surely of the truthful.
52 This is that he might know that I have not been unfaithful to him in secret, and that Allah guides not the device of the unfaithful.
* * *
53 And I call not myself sinless surely (man’s) self is wont to command evil, except those on whom my Lord has mercy. Surely my Lord is Forgiving, Merciful.
54 And the king said: Bring him to me, I will choose him for myself. So when he talked with him, he said: Surely thou art in our presence to-day dignified, trusted.
55 He said: Place me (in authority) over the treasures of the land; surely I am a good keeper, knowing well.
56 And thus did We give to Joseph power in the land — he had mastery in it wherever he liked. We bestow Our mercy on whom We please, and We waste not the reward of the doers of good.
57 And certainly the reward of the Hereafter is better for those who believe and guard against evil.
* * *
58 And Joseph’s brethren came and went in to him, and he knew them, while they recognized him not.
59 And when he furnished them with their provision, he said: Bring to me a brother of yours from your father. See you not that I give full measure and that I am the best of hosts?
60 But if you bring him not to me, you shall have no measure (of corn) from me, nor shall you come near me.
61 They said: We shall strive to make his father yield about him, and we are sure to do (it).
62 And he said to his servants: Put their money into their bags that they may recognize it when they go back to their family, so that they may come back.
63 So when they returned to their father, they said: O our father, the measure is withheld from us, so send with us our brother that we may get the measure, and we will surely guard him.
64 He said: Can I trust you with him, except as I trusted you with his brother before. So Allah is the Best Keeper, and He is the most Merciful of those who show mercy.
65 And when they opened their goods, they found their money returned to them. They said: O our father, what (more) can we desire? This is our property returned to us, and we shall bring corn for our family and guard our brother, and have in addition the measure of a camel-load. This is an easy measure.
66 He said: I will by no means send him with you, until you give me a firm covenant in Allah’s name that you will bring him back to me, unless you are completely surrounded. And when they gave him their covenant, he said: Allah is Guardian over what we say.
67 And he said: O my sons, enter not by one gate but enter by different gates. And I can avail you naught against Allah. Judgment is only Allah’s. On Him I rely, and on Him let the reliant rely.
68 And when they entered as their father had bidden them, it availed them naught against Allah, but (it was only) a desire in the soul of Jacob, which he satisfied. And surely he was possessed of knowledge, because We had given him knowledge, but most people know not.
* * *
69 And when they went in to Joseph, he lodged his brother with himself saying: I am thy brother, so grieve not at what they do.
70 Then when he furnished them with their provision, (some one) placed the drinking-cup in his brother’s bag.1243 Then a crier cried out: O caravan, you are surely thieves!
71 They said, while they turned towards them: What is it that you miss?
72 They said: We miss the king’s drinking-cup, and he who brings it shall have a camel-load, and I am responsible for it.
73 They said: By Allah! You know for certain that we have not come to make mischief in the land, and we are not thieves.
74 They said: But what is the penalty for this, if you are liars?
75 They said: The penalty for this — the person in whose bag it is found, he himself is the penalty for it. Thus do we punish the wrongdoers.
76 So he began with their sacks before the sack of his brother, then be brought it out from his brother’s sack. Thus did We plan for the sake of Joseph. He could not take his brother under the king’s law, unless Allah pleased. We raise in degree whom We please. And above every one possessed of knowledge is the All-Knowing One.
77 They said: If he steal, a brother of his did indeed steal before. But Joseph kept it secret in his soul, and disclosed it not to them. He said: You are in an evil condition, and Allah knows best what you state.
78 They said: O chief, he has a father, a very old man, so take one of us in his place. Surely we see thee to he of the doers of good.
79 He said: Allah forbid that we should seize other than him with whom we found our property, for then surely we should be unjust
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80 So when they despaired of him, they conferred together privately. The eldest of them said: Know you not that your father took from you a covenant in Allah’s name, and how you fell short of your duty about Joseph before? So I shall not leave this land, until my father permits me or Allah decides for me; and He is the Best of the judges.
81 Go back to your father and say: O our father, thy son committed theft. And we bear witness only to what we know, and we could not keep watch over the unseen.
82 And ask the town where we were, and the caravan with which we proceeded. And surely we are truthful.
83 He said: Nay, your souls have contrived an affair for you, so patience is good. Maybe Allah will bring them together to me. Surely He is the Knowing, the Wise.
84 And he ruined away from them, and said: O my sorrow for Joseph! And his eyes were filled (with tears) on account of the grief, then he repressed (grief).
85, They said: By Allah! Thou wilt not cease remembering Joseph till thou art a prey to disease or thou art of those who perish. 86 He said: I complain of my grief and sorrow only to Allah, and I know from Allah what you know not.
87 O my sons, go and inquire about Joseph and his brother; and despair not of Allah’s mercy. Surely none despairs of Allah’s mercy except the disbelieving people.
88 So when they came to him, they said: O chief, distress has afflicted us and our family, and we have brought scanty money, so give us full measure and be charitable to us. Surely Allah rewards the charitable.
89 He said: Do you know how you treated Joseph and his brother, when you were ignorant?
90 They said: Art thou indeed Joseph? He said: I am Joseph and this is my brother; Allah has indeed been gracious to us. Surely he who keeps his duty and is patient — Allah never wastes the reward of the doers of good.
91 They said: By Allah! Allah has indeed chosen thee over us, and we were certainly sinners.
92 He said: No reproof be against you this day. Allah may forgive you, and He is the most Merciful of those who show mercy.
93 Take this my shirt and cast it before my father’s face — he will come to know. And come to me with all your family.
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94 And when the caravan left (Egypt); their father said Surely I scent (the power of) Joseph, if you call me not a dotard.
95 They said: By Allah thou art surely in thy old error.
96 Then when the bearer of good news came, he cast it before his face so he became certain. He said: Did I not say to you that I know from Allah what you know not?
97 They said: O Our father, ask forgiveness of our sins for us, surely we are sinners.
98 He said I shall ask forgiveness for you of my Lord. Surely He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.
99 Then when they went in to Joseph, he lodged his parents with himself and said: Enter Egypt in safety, if Allah please.
100 And he raised his parents on the throne, and they fell prostrate for his sake. And he said: O my father, this is the significance of my vision of old — my Lord has made it true. And He was indeed kind to me, when He brought me forth from the prison, and brought you from the desert after the devil had sown dissensions between me and my brethren. Surely my Lord is Benignant to whom He pleases. Truly He is the Knowing, the Wise.
101 My Lord, Thou hast given me of the kingdom and taught me of the interpretation of sayings. Originator of the heavens and the earth, Thou art my Friend in this world and the Hereafter. Make me die in submission and join me with the righteous.
102 This is of the announcements relating to the unseen (which) We reveal to thee, and thou wast not with them when they resolved upon their affair, and they were devising plans.
103 And most men believe not, though thou desirest it eagerly.
104 And thou askest them no reward for it. It is nothing but a reminder for all mankind.
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105 And how many a sign in the heavens and the earth do they pass by! yet they turn away from it.
106 And most of them believe not in Allah without associating others (with Him).
107 Do they then feel secure from the coming to them of an all-encompassing chastisement from Allah or from the coming to them of the hour suddenly, while they perceive not?
108 Say: This is my way: I call to Allah, with certain knowledge — I and those who follow me. And glory be to Allah! and I am not of the polytheists.
109 And We sent not before thee any but men, from the people of the towns, to whom We sent revelation. Have they not then travelled in the land and seen what was the end of those before them? And certainly the abode of the Hereafter is best for those who keep their duty. Do you not then understand?
110 Until, when the messengers despaired and (the people) thought that they were told a lie, Our help came to them, and whom. We pleased was delivered. And Our punishment is not averted from the guilty people.
111 In their histories there is certainly a lesson for men of understanding. It is not a narrative which could be forged, but a verification of what is before it, and a distinct explanation of all things, and a guide and a mercy to a people who believe.
[Click here to read more of The Holy Qu’ran, an English translation by Maulana Muhammad Ali.]