The Holy Qu’ran
English translation by Maulana Muhammad Ali
first published in 1917, the following comes from the 1920 printing
5. The Table (Al-Meada)
In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
ye who believe! fulfil (all) obligations. Lawful unto you (for food)
are all four-footed animals, with the exceptions named: But animals of
the chase are forbidden while ye are in the sacred precincts or in
pilgrim garb: for Allah doth command according to His will and plan.
ye who believe! Violate not the sanctity of the symbols of Allah, nor
of the sacred month, nor of the animals brought for sacrifice, nor the
garlands that mark out such animals, nor the people resorting to the
sacred house, seeking of the bounty and good pleasure of their Lord. But
when ye are clear of the sacred precincts and of pilgrim garb, ye may
hunt and let not the hatred of some people in (once) shutting you out of
the Sacred Mosque lead you to transgression (and hostility on your
part). Help ye one another in righteousness and piety, but help ye not
one another in sin and rancour: fear Allah. for Allah is strict in
Forbidden to you (for food) are: dead meat, blood, the flesh of swine,
and that on which hath been invoked the name of other than Allah. that
which hath been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a
headlong fall, or by being gored to death; that which hath been (partly)
eaten by a wild animal; unless ye are able to slaughter it (in due
form); that which is sacrificed on stone (altars); (forbidden) also is
the division (of meat) by raffling with arrows: that is impiety. This
day have those who reject faith given up all hope of your religion: yet
fear them not but fear Me. This day have I perfected your religion for
you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your
religion. But if any is forced by hunger, with no inclination to
transgression, Allah is indeed Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
They ask thee what is lawful to them (as food). Say: lawful unto you are
(all) things good and pure: and what ye have taught your trained
hunting animals (to catch) in the manner directed to you by Allah. eat
what they catch for you, but pronounce the name of Allah over it: and
fear Allah, for Allah is swift in taking account.
This day are (all) things good and pure made lawful unto you. The food
of the People of the Book is lawful unto you and yours is lawful unto
them. (Lawful unto you in marriage) are (not only) chaste women who are
believers, but chaste women among the People of the Book, revealed
before your time,- when ye give them their due dowers, and desire
chastity, not lewdness, nor secret intrigues if any one rejects faith,
fruitless is his work, and in the Hereafter he will be in the ranks of
those who have lost (all spiritual good).
ye who believe! when ye prepare for prayer, wash your faces, and your
hands (and arms) to the elbows; Rub your heads (with water); and (wash)
your feet to the ankles. If ye are in a state of ceremonial impurity,
bathe your whole body. But if ye are ill, or on a journey, or one of you
cometh from offices of nature, or ye have been in contact with women,
and ye find no water, then take for yourselves clean sand or earth, and
rub therewith your faces and hands, Allah doth not wish to place you in a
difficulty, but to make you clean, and to complete his favour to you,
that ye may be grateful.
And call in remembrance the favour of Allah unto you, and His covenant,
which He ratified with you, when ye said: “We hear and we obey”: And
fear Allah, for Allah knoweth well the secrets of your hearts.
ye who believe! stand out firmly for Allah, as witnesses to fair
dealing, and let not the hatred of others to you make you swerve to
wrong and depart from justice. Be just: that is next to piety: and fear
Allah. For Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do.
9 To those who believe and do deeds of righteousness hath Allah promised forgiveness and a great reward.
10 Those who reject faith and deny our signs will be companions of Hell-fire.
O ye who believe! Call in remembrance the favour of Allah unto you when
certain men formed the design to stretch out their hands against you,
but ((Allah)) held back their hands from you: so fear Allah. And on
Allah let believers put (all) their trust.
Allah did aforetime take a covenant from the Children of Israel, and we
appointed twelve captains among them. And Allah said: “I am with you:
if ye (but) establish regular prayers, practise regular charity, believe
in my apostles, honour and assist them, and loan to Allah a beautiful
loan, verily I will wipe out from you your evils, and admit you to
gardens with rivers flowing beneath; but if any of you, after this,
resisteth faith, he hath truly wandered from the path or rectitude.”
But because of their breach of their covenant, We cursed them, and made
their hearts grow hard; they change the words from their (right) places
and forget a good part of the message that was sent them, nor wilt thou
cease to find them- barring a few – ever bent on (new) deceits: but
forgive them, and overlook (their misdeeds): for Allah loveth those who
From those, too, who call themselves Christians, We did take a
covenant, but they forgot a good part of the message that was sent them:
so we estranged them, with enmity and hatred between the one and the
other, to the day of judgment. And soon will Allah show them what it is
they have done.
O people of the Book! There hath come to you our Messenger, revealing
to you much that ye used to hide in the Book, and passing over much
(that is now unnecessary). There hath come to you from Allah a (new)
light and a perspicuous Book,-
Wherewith Allah guideth all who seek His good pleasure to ways of peace
and safety, and leadeth them out of darkness, by His will, unto the
light,- guideth them to a path that is straight.
In blasphemy indeed are those that say that Allah is Christ the son of
Mary. Say: “Who then hath the least power against Allah, if His will
were to destroy Christ the son of Mary, his mother, and all every – one
that is on the earth? For to Allah belongeth the dominion of the heavens
and the earth, and all that is between. He createth what He pleaseth.
For Allah hath power over all things.”
(Both) the Jews and the Christians say: “We are sons of Allah, and his
beloved.” Say: “Why then doth He punish you for your sins? Nay, ye are
but men,- of the men he hath created: He forgiveth whom He pleaseth, and
He punisheth whom He pleaseth: and to Allah belongeth the dominion of
the heavens and the earth, and all that is between: and unto Him is the
final goal (of all)”
O People of the Book! Now hath come unto you, making (things) clear
unto you, Our Messenger, after the break in (the series of) our
apostles, lest ye should say: “There came unto us no bringer of glad
tidings and no warner (from evil)”: But now hath come unto you a bringer
of glad tidings and a warner (from evil). And Allah hath power over all
Remember Moses said to his people: “O my people! Call in remembrance
the favour of Allah unto you, when He produced prophets among you, made
you kings, and gave you what He had not given to any other among the
“O my people! Enter the holy land which Allah hath assigned unto you,
and turn not back ignominiously, for then will ye be overthrown, to your
They said: “O Moses! In this land are a people of exceeding strength:
Never shall we enter it until they leave it: if (once) they leave, then
shall we enter.”
(But) among (their) Allah.fearing men were two on whom Allah had
bestowed His grace: They said: “Assault them at the (proper) Gate: when
once ye are in, victory will be yours; But on Allah put your trust if ye
They said: “O Moses! while they remain there, never shall we be able to
enter, to the end of time. Go thou, and thy Lord, and fight ye two,
while we sit here (and watch).”
25 He said: “O my Lord! I have power only over myself and my brother: so separate us from this rebellious people!”
Allah said: “Therefore will the land be out of their reach for forty
years: In distraction will they wander through the land: But sorrow thou
not over these rebellious people.
Recite to them the truth of the story of the two sons of Adam. Behold!
they each presented a sacrifice (to Allah.: It was accepted from one,
but not from the other. Said the latter: “Be sure I will slay thee.”
“Surely,” said the former, “(Allah) doth accept of the sacrifice of
those who are righteous.
“If thou dost stretch thy hand against me, to slay me, it is not for me
to stretch my hand against thee to slay thee: for I do fear Allah, the
cherisher of the worlds.
“For me, I intend to let thee draw on thyself my sin as well as thine,
for thou wilt be among the companions of the fire, and that is the
reward of those who do wrong.”
The (selfish) soul of the other led him to the murder of his brother:
he murdered him, and became (himself) one of the lost ones.
Then Allah sent a raven, who scratched the ground, to show him how to
hide the shame of his brother. “Woe is me!” said he; “Was I not even
able to be as this raven, and to hide the shame of my brother?” then he
became full of regrets-
On that account: We ordained for the Children of Israel that if any one
slew a person – unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in
the land – it would be as if he slew the whole people: and if any one
saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people.
Then although there came to them Our apostles with clear signs, yet,
even after that, many of them continued to commit excesses in the land.
The punishment of those who wage war against Allah and His Messenger,
and strive with might and main for mischief through the land is:
execution, or crucifixion, or the cutting off of hands and feet from
opposite sides, or exile from the land: that is their disgrace in this
world, and a heavy punishment is theirs in the Hereafter;
34 Except for those who repent before they fall into your power: in that case, know that Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
O ye who believe! Do your duty to Allah, seek the means of approach
unto Him, and strive with might and main in his cause: that ye may
As to those who reject Faith,- if they had everything on earth, and
twice repeated, to give as ransom for the penalty of the Day of
Judgment, it would never be accepted of them, theirs would be a grievous
37 Their wish will be to get out of the Fire, but never will they get out therefrom: their penalty will be one that endures.
As to the thief, Male or female, cut off his or her hands: a punishment
by way of example, from Allah, for their crime: and Allah is Exalted in
But if the thief repents after his crime, and amends his conduct, Allah
turneth to him in forgiveness; for Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most
Knowest thou not that to Allah (alone) belongeth the dominion of the
heavens and the earth? He punisheth whom He pleaseth, and He forgiveth
whom He pleaseth: and Allah hath power over all things.
O Messenger. let not those grieve thee, who race each other into
unbelief: (whether it be) among those who say “We believe” with their
lips but whose hearts have no faith; or it be among the Jews,- men who
will listen to any lie,- will listen even to others who have never so
much as come to thee. They change the words from their (right) times and
places: they say, “If ye are given this, take it, but if not, beware!”
If any one’s trial is intended by Allah, thou hast no authority in the
least for him against Allah. For such – it is not Allah’s will to purify
their hearts. For them there is disgrace in this world, and in the
Hereafter a heavy punishment.
(They are fond of) listening to falsehood, of devouring anything
forbidden. If they do come to thee, either judge between them, or
decline to interfere. If thou decline, they cannot hurt thee in the
least. If thou judge, judge in equity between them. For Allah loveth
those who judge in equity.
But why do they come to thee for decision, when they have (their own)
law before them?- therein is the (plain) command of Allah. yet even
after that, they would turn away. For they are not (really) People of
It was We who revealed the law (to Moses): therein was guidance and
light. By its standard have been judged the Jews, by the prophets who
bowed (as in Islam) to Allah’s will, by the rabbis and the doctors of
law: for to them was entrusted the protection of Allah’s book, and they
were witnesses thereto: therefore fear not men, but fear me, and sell
not my signs for a miserable price. If any do fail to judge by (the
light of) what Allah hath revealed, they are (no better than)
We ordained therein for them: “Life for life, eye for eye, nose or
nose, ear for ear, tooth for tooth, and wounds equal for equal.” But if
any one remits the retaliation by way of charity, it is an act of
atonement for himself. And if any fail to judge by (the light of) what
Allah hath revealed, they are (No better than) wrong-doers.
And in their footsteps We sent Jesus the son of Mary, confirming the
Law that had come before him: We sent him the Gospel: therein was
guidance and light, and confirmation of the Law that had come before
him: a guidance and an admonition to those who fear Allah.
Let the people of the Gospel judge by what Allah hath revealed therein.
If any do fail to judge by (the light of) what Allah hath revealed,
they are (no better than) those who rebel.
To thee We sent the Scripture in truth, confirming the scripture that
came before it, and guarding it in safety: so judge between them by what
Allah hath revealed, and follow not their vain desires, diverging from
the Truth that hath come to thee. To each among you have we prescribed a
law and an open way. If Allah had so willed, He would have made you a
single people, but (His plan is) to test you in what He hath given you:
so strive as in a race in all virtues. The goal of you all is to Allah.
it is He that will show you the truth of the matters in which ye
And this (He commands): Judge thou between them by what Allah hath
revealed, and follow not their vain desires, but beware of them lest
they beguile thee from any of that (teaching) which Allah hath sent down
to thee. And if they turn away, be assured that for some of their crime
it is Allah’s purpose to punish them. And truly most men are
Do they then seek after a judgment of (the days of) ignorance? But who,
for a people whose faith is assured, can give better judgment than
O ye who believe! take not the Jews and the Christians for your friends
and protectors: They are but friends and protectors to each other. And
he amongst you that turns to them (for friendship) is of them. Verily
Allah guideth not a people unjust.
Those in whose hearts is a disease – thou seest how eagerly they run
about amongst them, saying: “We do fear lest a change of fortune bring
us disaster.” Ah! perhaps Allah will give (thee) victory, or a decision
according to His will. Then will they repent of the thoughts which they
secretly harboured in their hearts.
And those who believe will say: “Are these the men who swore their
strongest oaths by Allah, that they were with you?” All that they do
will be in vain, and they will fall into (nothing but) ruin.
O ye who believe! if any from among you turn back from his Faith, soon
will Allah produce a people whom He will love as they will love Him,-
lowly with the believers, mighty against the rejecters, fighting in the
way of Allah, and never afraid of the reproaches of such as find fault.
That is the grace of Allah, which He will bestow on whom He pleaseth.
And Allah encompasseth all, and He knoweth all things.
Your (real) friends are (no less than) Allah, His Messenger, and the
(fellowship of) believers,- those who establish regular prayers and
regular charity, and they bow down humbly (in worship).
As to those who turn (for friendship) to Allah, His Messenger, and the
(fellowship of) believers,- it is the fellowship of Allah that must
O ye who believe! take not for friends and protectors those who take
your religion for a mockery or sport,- whether among those who received
the Scripture before you, or among those who reject Faith; but fear ye
Allah, if ye have faith (indeed).
When ye proclaim your call to prayer they take it (but) as mockery and
sport; that is because they are a people without understanding.
Say: “O people of the Book! Do ye disapprove of us for no other reason
than that we believe in Allah, and the revelation that hath come to us
and that which came before (us), and (perhaps) that most of you are
rebellious and disobedient?”
Say: “Shall I point out to you something much worse than this, (as
judged) by the treatment it received from Allah. those who incurred the
curse of Allah and His wrath, those of whom some He transformed into
apes and swine, those who worshipped evil;- these are (many times) worse
in rank, and far more astray from the even path!”
When they come to thee, they say: “We believe”: but in fact they enter
with a mind against Faith, and they go out with the same but Allah
knoweth fully all that they hide.
Many of them dost thou see, racing each other in sin and rancour, and
their eating of things forbidden. Evil indeed are the things that they
Why do not the rabbis and the doctors of Law forbid them from their
(habit of) uttering sinful words and eating things forbidden? Evil
indeed are their works.
The Jews say: “(Allah)’s hand is tied up.” Be their hands tied up and
be they accursed for the (blasphemy) they utter. Nay, both His hands are
widely outstretched: He giveth and spendeth (of His bounty) as He
pleaseth. But the revelation that cometh to thee from Allah increaseth
in most of them their obstinate rebellion and blasphemy. Amongst them we
have placed enmity and hatred till the Day of Judgment. Every time they
kindle the fire of war, Allah doth extinguish it; but they (ever)
strive to do mischief on earth. And Allah loveth not those who do
If only the People of the Book had believed and been righteous, We
should indeed have blotted out their iniquities and admitted them to
gardens of bliss.
If only they had stood fast by the Law, the Gospel, and all the
revelation that was sent to them from their Lord, they would have
enjoyed happiness from every side. There is from among them a party on
the right course: but many of them follow a course that is evil.
O Messenger. proclaim the (message) which hath been sent to thee from
thy Lord. If thou didst not, thou wouldst not have fulfilled and
proclaimed His mission. And Allah will defend thee from men (who mean
mischief). For Allah guideth not those who reject Faith.
Say: “O People of the Book! ye have no ground to stand upon unless ye
stand fast by the Law, the Gospel, and all the revelation that has come
to you from your Lord.” It is the revelation that cometh to thee from
thy Lord, that increaseth in most of them their obstinate rebellion and
blasphemy. But sorrow thou not over (these) people without Faith.
Those who believe (in the Qur’an), those who follow the Jewish
(scriptures), and the Sabians and the Christians,- any who believe in
Allah and the Last Day, and work righteousness,- on them shall be no
fear, nor shall they grieve.
We took the covenant of the Children of Israel and sent them apostles,
every time, there came to them an apostle with what they themselves
desired not – some (of these) they called impostors, and some they (go
so far as to) slay.
They thought there would be no trial (or punishment); so they became
blind and deaf; yet Allah (in mercy) turned to them; yet again many of
them became blind and deaf. But Allah sees well all that they do.
They do blaspheme who say: “(Allah) is Christ the son of Mary.” But
said Christ: “O Children of Israel! worship Allah, my Lord and your
Lord.” Whoever joins other gods with Allah,- Allah will forbid him the
garden, and the Fire will be his abode. There will for the wrong-doers
be no one to help.
They do blaspheme who say: Allah is one of three in a Trinity: for
there is no god except One Allah. If they desist not from their word (of
blasphemy), verily a grievous penalty will befall the blasphemers among
74 Why turn they not to Allah, and seek His forgiveness? For Allah is Oft- forgiving, Most Merciful.
Christ the son of Mary was no more than an apostle; many were the
apostles that passed away before him. His mother was a woman of truth.
They had both to eat their (daily) food. See how Allah doth make His
signs clear to them; yet see in what ways they are deluded away from the
Say: “Will ye worship, besides Allah, something which hath no power
either to harm or benefit you? But Allah,- He it is that heareth and
knoweth all things.”
Say: “O people of the Book! exceed not in your religion the bounds (of
what is proper), trespassing beyond the truth, nor follow the vain
desires of people who went wrong in times gone by,- who misled many, and
strayed (themselves) from the even way.
Curses were pronounced on those among the Children of Israel who
rejected Faith, by the tongue of David and of Jesus the son of Mary:
because they disobeyed and persisted in excesses.
79 Nor did they (usually) forbid one another the iniquities which they committed: evil indeed were the deeds which they did.
Thou seest many of them turning in friendship to the Unbelievers. Evil
indeed are (the works) which their souls have sent forward before them
(with the result), that Allah’s wrath is on them, and in torment will
If only they had believed in Allah, in the Messenger, and in what hath
been revealed to him, never would they have taken them for friends and
protectors, but most of them are rebellious wrong-doers.
Strongest among men in enmity to the believers wilt thou find the Jews
and Pagans; and nearest among them in love to the believers wilt thou
find those who say, “We are Christians”: because amongst these are men
devoted to learning and men who have renounced the world, and they are
And when they listen to the revelation received by the Messenger, thou
wilt see their eyes overflowing with tears, for they recognise the
truth: they pray: “Our Lord! we believe; write us down among the
“What cause can we have not to believe in Allah and the truth which has
come to us, seeing that we long for our Lord to admit us to the company
of the righteous?”
And for this their prayer hath Allah rewarded them with gardens, with
rivers flowing underneath,- their eternal home. Such is the recompense
of those who do good.
86 But those who reject Faith and belie our Signs,- they shall be companions of Hell-fire.
O ye who believe! make not unlawful the good things which Allah hath
made lawful for you, but commit no excess: for Allah loveth not those
given to excess.
88 Eat of the things which Allah hath provided for you, lawful and good; but fear Allah, in Whom ye believe.
Allah will not call you to account for what is futile in your oaths,
but He will call you to account for your deliberate oaths: for
expiation, feed ten indigent persons, on a scale of the average for the
food of your families; or clothe them; or give a slave his freedom. If
that is beyond your means, fast for three days. That is the expiation
for the oaths ye have sworn. But keep to your oaths. Thus doth Allah
make clear to you His signs, that ye may be grateful.
O ye who believe! Intoxicants and gambling, (dedication of) stones, and
(divination by) arrows, are an abomination,- of Satan’s handwork:
eschew such (abomination), that ye may prosper.
Satan’s plan is (but) to excite enmity and hatred between you, with
intoxicants and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of Allah,
and from prayer: will ye not then abstain?
Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger, and beware (of evil): if ye do turn
back, know ye that it is Our Messenger’s duty to proclaim (the message)
in the clearest manner.
On those who believe and do deeds of righteousness there is no blame
for what they ate (in the past), when they guard themselves from evil,
and believe, and do deeds of righteousness,- (or) again, guard
themselves from evil and believe,- (or) again, guard themselves from
evil and do good. For Allah loveth those who do good.
O ye who believe! Allah doth but make a trial of you in a little matter
of game well within reach of your hands and your lances, that He may
test who feareth him unseen: any who transgress thereafter, will have a
O ye who believe! Kill not game while in the sacred precincts or in
pilgrim garb. If any of you doth so intentionally, the compensation is
an offering, brought to the Ka’ba, of a domestic animal equivalent to
the one he killed, as adjudged by two just men among you; or by way of
atonement, the feeding of the indigent; or its equivalent in fasts: that
he may taste of the penalty of his deed. Allah forgives what is past:
for repetition Allah will exact from him the penalty. For Allah is
Exalted, and Lord of Retribution.
Lawful to you is the pursuit of water-game and its use for food,- for
the benefit of yourselves and those who travel; but forbidden is the
pursuit of land-game;- as long as ye are in the sacred precincts or in
pilgrim garb. And fear Allah, to Whom ye shall be gathered back.
Allah made the Ka’ba, the Sacred House, an asylum of security for men,
as also the Sacred Months, the animals for offerings, and the garlands
that mark them: That ye may know that Allah hath knowledge of what is in
the heavens and on earth and that Allah is well acquainted with all
98 Know ye that Allah is strict in punishment and that Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
99 The Messenger’s duty is but to proclaim (the message). But Allah knoweth all that ye reveal and ye conceal.
Say: “Not equal are things that are bad and things that are good, even
though the abundance of the bad may dazzle thee; so fear Allah, O ye
that understand; that (so) ye may prosper.”
O ye who believe! Ask not questions about things which, if made plain
to you, may cause you trouble. But if ye ask about things when the
Qur’an is being revealed, they will be made plain to you, Allah will
forgive those: for Allah is Oft- forgiving, Most Forbearing.
102 Some people before you did ask such questions, and on that account lost their faith.
It was not Allah who instituted (superstitions like those of) a
slit-ear she- camel, or a she-camel let loose for free pasture, or idol
sacrifices for twin-births in animals, or stallion-camels freed from
work: It is blasphemers who invent a lie against Allah. but most of them
When it is said to them: “Come to what Allah hath revealed; come to the
Messenger.: They say: “Enough for us are the ways we found our fathers
following.” what! even though their fathers were void of knowledge and
O ye who believe! Guard your own souls: If ye follow (right) guidance,
no hurt can come to you from those who stray. The goal of you all is to
Allah. It is He that will show you the truth of all that ye do.
O ye who believe! When death approaches any of you, (take) witnesses
among yourselves when making bequests,- two just men of your own
(brotherhood) or others from outside if ye are journeying through the
earth, and the chance of death befalls you (thus). If ye doubt (their
truth), detain them both after prayer, and let them both swear by Allah.
“We wish not in this for any worldly gain, even though the
(beneficiary) be our near relation: we shall hide not the evidence
before Allah. if we do, then behold! the sin be upon us!”
But if it gets known that these two were guilty of the sin (of
perjury), let two others stand forth in their places,- nearest in kin
from among those who claim a lawful right: let them swear by Allah. “We
affirm that our witness is truer than that of those two, and that we
have not trespassed (beyond the truth): if we did, behold! the wrong be
That is most suitable: that they may give the evidence in its true
nature and shape, or else they would fear that other oaths would be
taken after their oaths. But fear Allah, and listen (to His counsel):
for Allah guideth not a rebellious people:
One day will Allah gather the apostles together, and ask: “What was the
response ye received (from men to your teaching)?” They will say: “We
have no knowledge: it is Thou Who knowest in full all that is hidden.”
Then will Allah say: “O Jesus the son of Mary! Recount My favour to
thee and to thy mother. Behold! I strengthened thee with the holy
spirit, so that thou didst speak to the people in childhood and in
maturity. Behold! I taught thee the Book and Wisdom, the Law and the
Gospel and behold! thou makest out of clay, as it were, the figure of a
bird, by My leave, and thou breathest into it and it becometh a bird by
My leave, and thou healest those born blind, and the lepers, by My
leave. And behold! thou bringest forth the dead by My leave. And behold!
I did restrain the Children of Israel from (violence to) thee when thou
didst show them the clear Signs, and the unbelievers among them said:
‘This is nothing but evident magic.’
“And behold! I inspired the disciples to have faith in Me and Mine
Messenger. they said, ‘We have faith, and do thou bear witness that we
bow to Allah as Muslims'”.
Behold! the disciples, said: “O Jesus the son of Mary! can thy Lord
send down to us a table set (with viands) from heaven?” Said Jesus:
“Fear Allah, if ye have faith.”
They said: “We only wish to eat thereof and satisfy our hearts, and to
know that thou hast indeed told us the truth; and that we ourselves may
be witnesses to the miracle.”
Said Jesus the son of Mary: “O Allah our Lord! Send us from heaven a
table set (with viands), that there may be for us – for the first and
the last of us – a solemn festival and a sign from thee; and provide for
our sustenance, for thou art the best Sustainer (of our needs).”
Allah said: “I will send it down unto you: But if any of you after that
resisteth faith, I will punish him with a penalty such as I have not
inflicted on any one among all the peoples.”
And behold! Allah will say: “O Jesus the son of Mary! Didst thou say
unto men, worship me and my mother as gods in derogation of Allah.?” He
will say: “Glory to Thee! never could I say what I had no right (to
say). Had I said such a thing, thou wouldst indeed have known it. Thou
knowest what is in my heart, Thou I know not what is in Thine. For Thou
knowest in full all that is hidden.
“Never said I to them aught except what Thou didst command me to say,
to wit, ‘worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord’; and I was a witness over
them whilst I dwelt amongst them; when Thou didst take me up Thou wast
the Watcher over them, and Thou art a witness to all things.
118 “If Thou dost punish them, they are Thy servant: If Thou dost forgive them, Thou art the Exalted in power, the Wise.”
Allah will say: “This is a day on which the truthful will profit from
their truth: theirs are gardens, with rivers flowing beneath,- their
eternal Home: Allah well-pleased with them, and they with Allah. That is
the great salvation, (the fulfilment of all desires).
To Allah doth belong the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and all
that is therein, and it is He who hath power over all things.
6. Cattle, Livestock (Al-Anaan)
Praised be Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth, and made the
darkness and the light. Yet those who reject Faith hold (others) as
equal, with their Guardian-Lord.
2. He it is created you from clay, and then decreed a stated term
(for you). And there is in His presence another determined term; yet ye
doubt within yourselves!
3. And He is Allah in the heavens and on earth. He knoweth what ye
hide, and what ye reveal, and He knoweth the (recompense) which ye earn
(by your deeds).
4. But never did a single one of the signs of their Lord reach them, but they turned away therefrom.
5. And now they reject the truth when it reaches them: but soon shall they learn the reality of what they used to mock at.
6. See they not how many of those before them We did destroy?-
generations We had established on the earth, in strength such as We have
not given to you – for whom We poured out rain from the skies in
abundance, and gave (fertile) streams flowing beneath their (feet): yet
for their sins We destroyed them, and raised in their wake fresh
generations (to succeed them).
7. If We had sent unto thee a written (message) on parchment, so that
they could touch it with their hands, the Unbelievers would have been
sure to say: “This is nothing but obvious magic!”
8. They say: “Why is not an angel sent down to him?” If we did send
down an angel, the matter would be settled at once, and no respite would
be granted them.
9. If We had made it an angel, We should have sent him as a man, and
We should certainly have caused them confusion in a matter which they
have already covered with confusion.
10. Mocked were (many) apostles before thee; but their scoffers were hemmed in by the thing that they mocked.
11. Say: “Travel through the earth and see what was the end of those who rejected Truth.”
12. Say: “To whom belongeth all that is in the heavens and on earth?”
Say: “To Allah. He hath inscribed for Himself (the rule of) Mercy. That
He will gather you together for the Day of Judgment, there is no doubt
whatever. It is they who have lost their own souls, that will not
13. To him belongeth all that dwelleth (or lurketh) in the night and
the day. For he is the one who heareth and knoweth all things.”
14. Say: “Shall I take for my protector any other than Allah, the
Maker of the heavens and the earth? And He it is that feedeth but is not
fed.” Say: “Nay! but I am commanded to be the first of those who bow to
Allah (in Islam), and be not thou of the company of those who join gods
15. Say: “I would, if I disobeyed my Lord, indeed have fear of the penalty of a Mighty Day.
16. “On that day, if the penalty is averted from any, it is due to
Allah.s mercy; And that would be (Salvation), the obvious fulfilment of
17. “If Allah touch thee with affliction, none can remove it but He;
if He touch thee with happiness, He hath power over all things.
18. “He is the irresistible, (watching) from above over His worshippers; and He is the Wise, acquainted with all things.”
19. Say: “What thing is most weighty in evidence?” Say: “(Allah) is
witness between me and you; This Qur’an hath been revealed to me by
inspiration, that I may warn you and all whom it reaches. Can ye
possibly bear witness that besides Allah there is another Allah.” Say:
“Nay! I cannot bear witness!” Say: “But in truth He is the one Allah,
and I truly am innocent of (your blasphemy of) joining others with Him.”
20. Those to whom We have given the Book know this as they know their
own sons. Those who have lost their own souls refuse therefore to
21. Who doth more wrong than he who inventeth a lie against Allah or
rejecteth His sings? But verily the wrong-doers never shall prosper.
22. One day shall We gather them all together: We shall say to those
who ascribed partners (to Us): “Where are the partners whom ye (invented
and) talked about?”
23. There will then be (left) no subterfuge for them but to say: “By
Allah our Lord, we were not those who joined gods with Allah.”
24. Behold! how they lie against their own souls! But the (lie) which they invented will leave them in the lurch.
25. Of them there are some who (pretend to) listen to thee; but We
have thrown veils on their hearts, So they understand it not, and
deafness in their ears; if they saw every one of the signs, not they
will believe in them; in so much that when they come to thee, they (but)
dispute with thee; the Unbelievers say: “These are nothing but tales of
26. Others they keep away from it, and themselves they keep away; but
they only destroy their own souls, and they perceive it not.
27. If thou couldst but see when they are confronted with the Fire!
They will say: “Would that we were but sent back! Then would we not
reject the signs of our Lord, but would be amongst those who believe!”
28. Yea, in their own (eyes) will become manifest what before they
concealed. But if they were returned, they would certainly relapse to
the things they were forbidden, for they are indeed liars.
29. And they (sometimes) say: “There is nothing except our life on this earth, and never shall we be raised up again.”
30. If thou couldst but see when they are confronted with their Lord!
He will say: “Is not this the truth?” They will say: “Yea, by our
Lord!” He will say: “Taste ye then the penalty, because ye rejected
31. Lost indeed are they who treat it as a falsehood that they must
meet Allah,- until on a sudden the hour is on them, and they say: “Ah!
woe unto us that we took no thought of it”; for they bear their burdens
on their backs, and evil indeed are the burdens that they bear?
32. What is the life of this world but play and amusement? But best
is the home in the hereafter, for those who are righteous. Will ye not
33. We know indeed the grief which their words do cause thee: It is
not thee they reject: it is the signs of Allah, which the wicked
34. Rejected were the apostles before thee: with patience and
constancy they bore their rejection and their wrongs, until Our aid did
reach them: there is none that can alter the words (and decrees) of
Allah. Already hast thou received some account of those apostles.
35. If their spurning is hard on thy mind, yet if thou wert able to
seek a tunnel in the ground or a ladder to the skies and bring them a
sign,- (what good?). If it were Allah.s will, He could gather them
together unto true guidance: so be not thou amongst those who are swayed
by ignorance (and impatience)!
36. Those who listen (in truth), be sure, will accept: as to the
dead, Allah will raise them up; then will they be turned unto Him.
37. They say: “Why is not a sign sent down to him from his Lord?”
Say: “(Allah) hath certainly power to send down a sign: but most of them
38. There is not an animal (that lives) on the earth, nor a being
that flies on its wings, but (forms part of) communities like you.
Nothing have we omitted from the Book, and they (all) shall be gathered
to their Lord in the end.
39. Those who reject our sings are deaf and dumb,- in the midst of
darkness profound: whom Allah willeth, He leaveth to wander: whom He
willeth, He placeth on the way that is straight.
40. Say: “Think ye to yourselves, if there come upon you the wrath of
Allah, or the Hour (that ye dread), would ye then call upon other than
Allah.- (reply) if ye are truthful!
41. “Nay,- On Him would ye call, and if it be His will, He would
remove (the distress) which occasioned your call upon Him, and ye would
forget (the false gods) which ye join with Him!”
42. Before thee We sent (apostles) to many nations, and We afflicted
the nations with suffering and adversity, that they might learn
43. When the suffering reached them from us, why then did they not
learn humility? On the contrary their hearts became hardened, and Satan
made their (sinful) acts seem alluring to them.
44. But when they forgot the warning they had received, We opened to
them the gates of all (good) things, until, in the midst of their
enjoyment of Our gifts, on a sudden, We called them to account, when lo!
they were plunged in despair!
45. Of the wrong-doers the last remnant was cut off. Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher of the worlds.
46. Say: “Think ye, if Allah took away your hearing and your sight,
and sealed up your hearts, who – a god other than Allah – could restore
them to you?” See how We explain the signs by various (symbols); yet
they turn aside.
47. Say: “Think ye, if the punishment of Allah comes to you, whether
suddenly or openly, will any be destroyed except those who do wrong?
48. We send the apostles only to give good news and to warn: so those
who believe and mend (their lives),- upon them shall be no fear, nor
shall they grieve.
49. But those who reject our signs,- them shall punishment touch, for that they ceased not from transgressing.
50. Say: “I tell you not that with me are the treasures of Allah, nor
do I know what is hidden, nor do I tell you I am an angel. I but follow
what is revealed to me.” Say: “can the blind be held equal to the
seeing?” Will ye then consider not?
51. Give this warning to those in whose (hearts) is the fear that
they will be brought (to judgment) before their Lord: except for Him
they will have no protector nor intercessor: that they may guard
52. Send not away those who call on their Lord morning and evening,
seeking His face. In naught art thou accountable for them, and in naught
are they accountable for thee, that thou shouldst turn them away, and
thus be (one) of the unjust.
53. Thus did We try some of them by comparison with others, that they
should say: “Is it these then that Allah hath favoured from amongst
us?” Doth not Allah know best those who are grateful?
54. When those come to thee who believe in Our signs, Say: “Peace be
on you: Your Lord hath inscribed for Himself (the rule of) mercy:
verily, if any of you did evil in ignorance, and thereafter repented,
and amend (his conduct), lo! He is Oft- forgiving, Most Merciful.
55. Thus do We explain the signs in detail: that the way of the sinners may be shown up.
56. Say: “I am forbidden to worship those – others than Allah – whom
ye call upon.” Say: “I will not follow your wain desires: If I did, I
would stray from the path, and be not of the company of those who
57. Say: “For me, I (work) on a clear sign from my Lord, but ye
reject Him. What ye would see hastened, is not in my power. The command
rests with none but Allah. He declares the truth, and He is the best of
58. Say: “If what ye would see hastened were in my power, the matter
would be settled at once between you and me. But Allah knoweth best
those who do wrong.”
59. With Him are the keys of the unseen, the treasures that none
knoweth but He. He knoweth whatever there is on the earth and in the
sea. Not a leaf doth fall but with His knowledge: there is not a grain
in the darkness (or depths) of the earth, nor anything fresh or dry
(green or withered), but is (inscribed) in a record clear (to those who
60. It is He who doth take your souls by night, and hath knowledge of
all that ye have done by day: by day doth He raise you up again; that a
term appointed be fulfilled; In the end unto Him will be your return;
then will He show you the truth of all that ye did.
61. He is the irresistible, (watching) from above over His
worshippers, and He sets guardians over you. At length, when death
approaches one of you, Our angels take his soul, and they never fail in
62. Then are men returned unto Allah, their protector, the (only)
reality: Is not His the command? and He is the swiftest in taking
63. Say: “Who is it that delivereth you from the dark recesses of
land and sea, when ye call upon Him in humility and silent terror: ‘If
He only delivers us from these (dangers), (we vow) we shall truly show
64. Say “It is Allah that delivereth you from these and all (other) distresses: and yet ye worship false gods!”
65. Say: “He hath power to send calamities on you, from above and
below, or to cover you with confusion in party strife, giving you a
taste of mutual vengeance – each from the other.” See how We explain the
signs by various (symbols); that they may understand.
66. But thy people reject this, though it is the truth. Say: “Not mine is the responsibility for arranging your affairs;
67. For every message is a limit of time, and soon shall ye know it.”
68. When thou seest men engaged in vain discourse about Our signs,
turn away from them unless they turn to a different theme. If Satan ever
makes thee forget, then after recollection, sit not thou in the company
of those who do wrong.
69. On their account no responsibility falls on the righteous, but
(their duty) is to remind them, that they may (learn to) fear Allah.
70. Leave alone those who take their religion to be mere play and
amusement, and are deceived by the life of this world. But proclaim (to
them) this (truth): that every soul delivers itself to ruin by its own
acts: it will find for itself no protector or intercessor except Allah.
if it offered every ransom, (or reparation), none will be accepted: such
is (the end of) those who deliver themselves to ruin by their own acts:
they will have for drink (only) boiling water, and for punishment, one
most grievous: for they persisted in rejecting Allah.
71. Say: “Shall we indeed call on others besides Allah,- things that
can do us neither good nor harm,- and turn on our heels after receiving
guidance from Allah. – like one whom the evil ones have made into a
fool, wandering bewildered through the earth, his friends calling, come
to us’, (vainly) guiding him to the path.” Say: “(Allah)’s guidance is
the (only) guidance, and we have been directed to submit ourselves to
the Lord of the worlds;-
72. “To establish regular prayers and to fear Allah. for it is to Him that we shall be gathered together.”
73. It is He who created the heavens and the earth in true
(proportions): the day He saith, “Be,” behold! it is. His word is the
truth. His will be the dominion the day the trumpet will be blown. He
knoweth the unseen as well as that which is open. For He is the Wise,
well acquainted (with all things).
74. Lo! Abraham said to his father Azar: “Takest thou idols for gods? For I see thee and thy people in manifest error.”
75. So also did We show Abraham the power and the laws of the heavens
and the earth, that he might (with understanding) have certitude.
76. When the night covered him over, He saw a star: He said: “This is
my Lord.” But when it set, He said: “I love not those that set.”
77. When he saw the moon rising in splendour, he said: “This is my
Lord.” But when the moon set, He said: “unless my Lord guide me, I shall
surely be among those who go astray.”
78. When he saw the sun rising in splendour, he said: “This is my
Lord; this is the greatest (of all).” But when the sun set, he said: “O
my people! I am indeed free from your (guilt) of giving partners to
79. “For me, I have set my face, firmly and truly, towards Him Who
created the heavens and the earth, and never shall I give partners to
80. His people disputed with him. He said: “(Come) ye to dispute with
me, about Allah, when He (Himself) hath guided me? I fear not (the
beings) ye associate with Allah. Unless my Lord willeth, (nothing can
happen). My Lord comprehendeth in His knowledge all things. Will ye not
(yourselves) be admonished?
81. “How should I fear (the beings) ye associate with Allah, when ye
fear not to give partners to Allah without any warrant having been given
to you? Which of (us) two parties hath more right to security? (tell
me) if ye know.
82. “It is those who believe and confuse not their beliefs with wrong
– that are (truly) in security, for they are on (right) guidance.”
83. That was the reasoning about Us, which We gave to Abraham (to
use) against his people: We raise whom We will, degree after degree: for
thy Lord is full of wisdom and knowledge.
84. We gave him Isaac and Jacob: all (three) guided: and before him,
We guided Noah, and among his progeny, David, Solomon, Job, Joseph,
Moses, and Aaron: thus do We reward those who do good:
85. And Zakariya and John, and Jesus and Elias: all in the ranks of the righteous:
86. And Isma’il and Elisha, and Jonas, and Lot: and to all We gave favour above the nations:
87. (To them) and to their fathers, and progeny and brethren: We chose them, and we guided them to a straight way.
88. This is the guidance of Allah. He giveth that guidance to whom He
pleaseth, of His worshippers. If they were to join other gods with Him,
all that they did would be vain for them.
89. These were the men to whom We gave the Book, and authority, and
prophethood: if these (their descendants) reject them, Behold! We shall
entrust their charge to a new people who reject them not.
90. Those were the (prophets) who received Allah.s guidance: Copy the
guidance they received; Say: “No reward for this do I ask of you: This
is no less than a message for the nations.”
91. No just estimate of Allah do they make when they say: “Nothing
doth Allah send down to man (by way of revelation)” Say: “Who then sent
down the Book which Moses brought?- a light and guidance to man: But ye
make it into (separate) sheets for show, while ye conceal much (of its
contents): therein were ye taught that which ye knew not- neither ye nor
your fathers.” Say: “(Allah) (sent it down)”: Then leave them to plunge
in vain discourse and trifling.
92. And this is a Book which We have sent down, bringing blessings,
and confirming (the revelations) which came before it: that thou mayest
warn the mother of cities and all around her. Those who believe in the
Hereafter believe in this (Book), and they are constant in guarding
93. Who can be more wicked than one who inventeth a lie against
Allah, or saith, “I have received inspiration,” when he hath received
none, or (again) who saith, “I can reveal the like of what Allah hath
revealed”? If thou couldst but see how the wicked (do fare) in the flood
of confusion at death! – the angels stretch forth their hands,
(saying),”Yield up your souls: this day shall ye receive your reward,- a
penalty of shame, for that ye used to tell lies against Allah, and
scornfully to reject of His signs!”
94. “And behold! ye come to us bare and alone as We created you for
the first time: ye have left behind you all (the favours) which We
bestowed on you: We see not with you your intercessors whom ye thought
to be partners in your affairs: so now all relations between you have
been cut off, and your (pet) fancies have left you in the lurch!”
95. It is Allah Who causeth the seed-grain and the date-stone to
split and sprout. He causeth the living to issue from the dead, and He
is the one to cause the dead to issue from the living. That is Allah.
then how are ye deluded away from the truth?
96. He it is that cleaveth the day-break (from the dark): He makes
the night for rest and tranquillity, and the sun and moon for the
reckoning (of time): Such is the judgment and ordering of (Him), the
Exalted in Power, the Omniscient.
97. It is He Who maketh the stars (as beacons) for you, that ye may
guide yourselves, with their help, through the dark spaces of land and
sea: We detail Our signs for people who know.
98. It is He Who hath produced you from a single person: here is a
place of sojourn and a place of departure: We detail Our signs for
people who understand.
99. It is He Who sendeth down rain from the skies: with it We produce
vegetation of all kinds: from some We produce green (crops), out of
which We produce grain, heaped up (at harvest); out of the date-palm and
its sheaths (or spathes) (come) clusters of dates hanging low and near:
and (then there are) gardens of grapes, and olives, and pomegranates,
each similar (in kind) yet different (in variety): when they begin to
bear fruit, feast your eyes with the fruit and the ripeness thereof.
Behold! in these things there are signs for people who believe.
100. Yet they make the Jinns equals with Allah, though Allah did
create the Jinns; and they falsely, having no knowledge, attribute to
Him sons and daughters. Praise and glory be to Him! (for He is) above
what they attribute to Him!
101. To Him is due the primal origin of the heavens and the earth:
How can He have a son when He hath no consort? He created all things,
and He hath full knowledge of all things.
102. That is Allah, your Lord! there is no god but He, the Creator of
all things: then worship ye Him: and He hath power to dispose of all
103. No vision can grasp Him, but His grasp is over all vision: He is
above all comprehension, yet is acquainted with all things.
104. “Now have come to you, from your Lord, proofs (to open your
eyes): if any will see, it will be for (the good of) his own soul; if
any will be blind, it will be to his own (harm): I am not (here) to
watch over your doings.”
105. Thus do we explain the signs by various (symbols): that they may
say, “Thou hast taught (us) diligently,” and that We may make the
matter clear to those who know.
106. Follow what thou art taught by inspiration from thy Lord: there
is no god but He: and turn aside from those who join gods with Allah.
107. If it had been Allah.s plan, they would not have taken false
gods: but We made thee not one to watch over their doings, nor art thou
set over them to dispose of their affairs.
108. Revile not ye those whom they call upon besides Allah, lest they
out of spite revile Allah in their ignorance. Thus have We made
alluring to each people its own doings. In the end will they return to
their Lord, and We shall then tell them the truth of all that they did.
109. They swear their strongest oaths by Allah, that if a (special)
sign came to them, by it they would believe. Say: “Certainly (all) signs
are in the power of Allah. but what will make you (Muslims) realise
that (even) if (special) signs came, they will not believe.”?
110. We (too) shall turn to (confusion) their hearts and their eyes,
even as they refused to believe in this in the first instance: We shall
leave them in their trespasses, to wander in distraction.
111. Even if We did send unto them angels, and the dead did speak
unto them, and We gathered together all things before their very eyes,
they are not the ones to believe, unless it is in Allah.s plan. But most
of them ignore (the truth).
112. Likewise did We make for every Messenger an enemy,- evil ones
among men and jinns, inspiring each other with flowery discourses by way
of deception. If thy Lord had so planned, they would not have done it:
so leave them and their inventions alone.
113. To such (deceit) let the hearts of those incline, who have no
faith in the hereafter: let them delight in it, and let them earn from
it what they may.
114. Say: “Shall I seek for judge other than Allah. – when He it is
Who hath sent unto you the Book, explained in detail.” They know full
well, to whom We have given the Book, that it hath been sent down from
thy Lord in truth. Never be then of those who doubt.
115. The word of thy Lord doth find its fulfilment in truth and in
justice: None can change His words: for He is the one who heareth and
116. Wert thou to follow the common run of those on earth, they will
lead thee away from the way of Allah. They follow nothing but
conjecture: they do nothing but lie.
117. Thy Lord knoweth best who strayeth from His way: He knoweth best who they are that receive His guidance.
118. So eat of (meats) on which Allah.s name hath been pronounced, if ye have faith in His signs.
119. Why should ye not eat of (meats) on which Allah.s name hath been
pronounced, when He hath explained to you in detail what is forbidden
to you – except under compulsion of necessity? But many do mislead (men)
by their appetites unchecked by knowledge. Thy Lord knoweth best those
120. Eschew all sin, open or secret: those who earn sin will get due recompense for their “earnings.”
121. Eat not of (meats) on which Allah.s name hath not been
pronounced: That would be impiety. But the evil ones ever inspire their
friends to contend with you if ye were to obey them, ye would indeed be
122. Can he who was dead, to whom We gave life, and a light whereby
he can walk amongst men, be like him who is in the depths of darkness,
from which he can never come out? Thus to those without faith their own
deeds seem pleasing.
123. Thus have We placed leaders in every town, its wicked men, to
plot (and burrow) therein: but they only plot against their own souls,
and they perceive it not.
124. When there comes to them a sign (from Allah., They say: “We
shall not believe until we receive one (exactly) like those received by
Allah.s apostles.” Allah knoweth best where (and how) to carry out His
mission. Soon will the wicked be overtaken by humiliation before Allah,
and a severe punishment, for all their plots.
125. Those whom Allah (in His plan) willeth to guide,- He openeth
their breast to Islam; those whom He willeth to leave straying,- He
maketh their breast close and constricted, as if they had to climb up to
the skies: thus doth Allah (heap) the penalty on those who refuse to
126. This is the way of thy Lord, leading straight: We have detailed the signs for those who receive admonition.
127. For them will be a home of peace in the presence of their Lord:
He will be their friend, because they practised (righteousness).
128. One day will He gather them all together, (and say): “O ye
assembly of Jinns! Much (toll) did ye take of men.” Their friends
amongst men will say: “Our Lord! we made profit from each other: but
(alas!) we reached our term – which thou didst appoint for us.” He will
say: “The Fire be your dwelling-place: you will dwell therein for ever,
except as Allah willeth.” for thy Lord is full of wisdom and knowledge.
129. Thus do we make the wrong-doers turn to each other, because of what they earn.
130. “O ye assembly of Jinns and men! came there not unto you
apostles from amongst you, setting forth unto you My signs, and warning
you of the meeting of this Day of yours?” They will say: “We bear
witness against ourselves.” It was the life of this world that deceived
them. So against themselves will they bear witness that they rejected
131. (The apostles were sent) thus, for thy Lord would not destroy
for their wrong-doing men’s habitations whilst their occupants were
132. To all are degrees (or ranks) according to their deeds: for thy Lord is not unmindful of anything that they do.
133. Thy Lord is self-sufficient, full of Mercy: if it were His will,
He could destroy you, and in your place appoint whom He will as your
successors, even as He raised you up from the posterity of other people.
134. All that hath been promised unto you will come to pass: nor can ye frustrate it (in the least bit).
135. Say: “O my people! Do whatever ye can: I will do (my part): soon
will ye know who it is whose end will be (best) in the Hereafter:
certain it is that the wrong- doers will not prosper.”
136. Out of what Allah hath produced in abundance in tilth and in
cattle, they assigned Him a share: they say, according to their fancies:
“This is for Allah, and this” – for our “partners”! but the share of
their” partners “reacheth not Allah, whilst the share of Allah reacheth
their “partners” ! evil (and unjust) is their assignment!
137. Even so, in the eyes of most of the pagans, their “partners”
made alluring the slaughter of their children, in order to lead them to
their own destruction, and cause confusion in their religion. If Allah
had willed, they would not have done so: But leave alone them and their
138. And they say that such and such cattle and crops are taboo, and
none should eat of them except those whom – so they say – We wish;
further, there are cattle forbidden to yoke or burden, and cattle on
which, (at slaughter), the name of Allah is not pronounced; – inventions
against Allah.s name: soon will He requite them for their inventions.
139. They say: “What is in the wombs of such and such cattle is
specially reserved (for food) for our men, and forbidden to our women;
but if it is still-born, then all have share therein. For their (false)
attribution (of superstitions to Allah., He will soon punish them: for
He is full of wisdom and knowledge.
140. Lost are those who slay their children, from folly, without
knowledge, and forbid food which Allah hath provided for them, inventing
(lies) against Allah. They have indeed gone astray and heeded no
141. It is He Who produceth gardens, with trellises and without, and
dates, and tilth with produce of all kinds, and olives and pomegranates,
similar (in kind) and different (in variety): eat of their fruit in
their season, but render the dues that are proper on the day that the
harvest is gathered. But waste not by excess: for Allah loveth not the
142. Of the cattle are some for burden and some for meat: eat what
Allah hath provided for you, and follow not the footsteps of Satan: for
he is to you and avowed enemy.
143. (Take) eight (head of cattle) in (four) pairs: of sheep a pair,
and of goats a pair; say, hath He forbidden the two males, or the two
females, or (the young) which the wombs of the two females enclose? Tell
me with knowledge if ye are truthful:
144. Of camels a pair, and oxen a pair; say, hath He forbidden the
two males, or the two females, or (the young) which the wombs of the two
females enclose? – Were ye present when Allah ordered you such a thing?
But who doth more wrong than one who invents a lie against Allah, to
lead astray men without knowledge? For Allah guideth not people who do
145. Say: “I find not in the message received by me by inspiration
any (meat) forbidden to be eaten by one who wishes to eat it, unless it
be dead meat, or blood poured forth, or the flesh of swine,- for it is
an abomination – or, what is impious, (meat) on which a name has been
invoked, other than Allah.s”. But (even so), if a person is forced by
necessity, without wilful disobedience, nor transgressing due limits,-
thy Lord is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
146. For those who followed the Jewish Law, We forbade every (animal)
with undivided hoof, and We forbade them that fat of the ox and the
sheep, except what adheres to their backs or their entrails, or is mixed
up with a bone: this in recompense for their wilful disobedience: for
We are true (in Our ordinances).
147. If they accuse thee of falsehood, say: “Your Lord is full of
mercy all- embracing; but from people in guilt never will His wrath be
148. Those who give partners (to Allah. will say: “If Allah had
wished, we should not have given partners to Him nor would our fathers;
nor should we have had any taboos.” So did their ancestors argue
falsely, until they tasted of Our wrath. Say: “Have ye any (certain)
knowledge? If so, produce it before us. Ye follow nothing but
conjecture: ye do nothing but lie.”
149. Say: “With Allah is the argument that reaches home: if it had been His will, He could indeed have guided you all.”
150. Say: “Bring forward your witnesses to prove that Allah did
forbid so and so.” If they bring such witnesses, be not thou amongst
them: Nor follow thou the vain desires of such as treat our signs as
falsehoods, and such as believe not in the Hereafter: for they hold
others as equal with their Guardian-Lord.
151. Say: “Come, I will rehearse what Allah hath (really) prohibited
you from”: Join not anything as equal with Him; be good to your parents;
kill not your children on a plea of want;- We provide sustenance for
you and for them;- come not nigh to shameful deeds. Whether open or
secret; take not life, which Allah hath made sacred, except by way of
justice and law: thus doth He command you, that ye may learn wisdom.
152. And come not nigh to the orphan’s property, except to improve
it, until he attain the age of full strength; give measure and weight
with (full) justice;- no burden do We place on any soul, but that which
it can bear;- whenever ye speak, speak justly, even if a near relative
is concerned; and fulfil the covenant of Allah. thus doth He command
you, that ye may remember.
153. Verily, this is My way, leading straight: follow it: follow not
(other) paths: they will scatter you about from His (great) path: thus
doth He command you. that ye may be righteous.
154. Moreover, We gave Moses the Book, completing (Our favour) to
those who would do right, and explaining all things in detail,- and a
guide and a mercy, that they might believe in the meeting with their
155. And this is a Book which We have revealed as a blessing: so follow it and be righteous, that ye may receive mercy:
156. Lest ye should say: “The Book was sent down to two Peoples
before us, and for our part, we remained unacquainted with all that they
learned by assiduous study:”
157. Or lest ye should say: “If the Book had only been sent down to
us, we should have followed its guidance better than they.” Now then
hath come unto you a clear (sign) from your Lord,- and a guide and a
mercy: then who could do more wrong than one who rejecteth Allah.s
signs, and turneth away therefrom? In good time shall We requite those
who turn away from Our signs, with a dreadful penalty, for their turning
158. Are they waiting to see if the angels come to them, or thy Lord
(Himself), or certain of the signs of thy Lord! the day that certain of
the signs of thy Lord do come, no good will it do to a soul to believe
in them then if it believed not before nor earned righteousness through
its faith. Say: “Wait ye: we too are waiting.”
159. As for those who divide their religion and break up into sects,
thou hast no part in them in the least: their affair is with Allah. He
will in the end tell them the truth of all that they did.
160. He that doeth good shall have ten times as much to his credit:
He that doeth evil shall only be recompensed according to his evil: no
wrong shall be done unto (any of) them.
161. Say: “Verily, my Lord hath guided me to a way that is straight,-
a religion of right,- the path (trod) by Abraham the true in Faith, and
he (certainly) joined not gods with Allah.”
162. Say: “Truly, my prayer and my service of sacrifice, my life and my death, are (all) for Allah, the Cherisher of the Worlds:
163. No partner hath He: this am I commanded, and I am the first of those who bow to His will.
164. Say: “Shall I seek for (my) Cherisher other than Allah, when He
is the Cherisher of all things (that exist)? Every soul draws the meed
of its acts on none but itself: no bearer of burdens can bear of burdens
can bear the burden of another. Your goal in the end is towards Allah.
He will tell you the truth of the things wherein ye disputed.”
165. It is He Who hath made you (His) agents, inheritors of the earth: He hath raised you in ranks, some above others.
[Click here to read more of The Holy Qu’ran, an English translation by Maulana Muhammad Ali.]